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Functional neuroimaging suggests that limbic regions of the medial frontal cortex may be abnormally active in individuals with depression. These regions, including the anterior cingulate cortex, are engaged in both action regulation, such as monitoring errors and conflict, and affect regulation, such as responding to pain. The authors examined whether(More)
Event-related potentials (ERP) are brain electrophysiological patterns created by averaging electroencephalographic (EEG) data, time-locking to events of interest (e.g., stimulus or response onset). In this paper, we propose a generic framework for mining anddeveloping domain ontologies and apply it to mine brainwave (ERP) ontologies. The concepts and(More)
GOALS Research with lateralized word presentation has suggested that strong ("close") and weak ("remote") semantic associates are processed differently in the left and right cerebral hemispheres [e.g., Beeman, M. j., & Chiarello, C. (1998). Complementary right- and left-hemisphere language comprehension. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 7(1),(More)
In the REAP system, users are automatically provided with texts to read targeted to their individual reading levels. To find appropriate texts, the user's vocabulary knowledge must be assessed. We describe an approach to automatically generating questions for vocabulary assessment. Traditionally , these assessments have been handwritten. Using data from(More)
OBJECTIVE We present APECS (Automated Protocol for Evaluation of Electromagnetic Component Separation), a framework for evaluating the accuracy of blind source separation algorithms in removing artifacts from EEG data. APECS applies multiple, automated procedures to quantify the extent to which blinks are removed, and the degree to which nonocular activity(More)
Event-related potentials (ERP) are brain electrophysi-ological patterns created by averaging electroencephalo-graphic (EEG) data, time-locking to events of interest (e.g., stimulus or response onset). In this paper, we propose a semi-automatic framework for mining ERP data, which includes the following steps: PCA decomposition, extraction of summary(More)
We discuss recent progress in the development of cognitive ontologies and summarize three challenges in the coordinated development and application of these resources. Challenge 1 is to adopt a standardized definition for cognitive processes. We describe three possibilities and recommend one that is consistent with the standard view in cognitive and(More)
In event-related potential (ERP) studies of cognitive processes, the electrophysiological responses are typically contrasted between experimental conditions that are taken to represent discrete categories (e.g. attended vs. unattended stimuli, or real vs. nonsense words). Because categorical variation is less powerful than continuous or parametric(More)
An important question in brain and language research is how activity in multiple brain networks is coordinated over time during semantic comprehension. To address this question, we applied spatiotemporal source analysis to event-related potentials (ERPs) recorded as subjects read words that were meaningful or incongruous in the context of a sentence (N400(More)
We present a method for evaluating ICA separation of artifacts from EEG (electroencephalographic) data. Two algorithms, Infomax and FastICA, were applied to "synthetic data," created by superimposing simulated blinks on a blink-free EEG. To examine sensitivity to different data characteristics, multiple datasets were constructed by varying properties of the(More)