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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important factor in cancer invasiveness and metastatic progression. During EMT, cancer cells acquire stem cell properties. The role of EMT and stemness in colon cancer has not been fully understood. We aimed to demonstrate the clinical significance of EMT and the stem cell phenotype in colorectal cancer. Two(More)
AIMS Notch signalling plays diverse roles in malignant tumours as well as in normal tissue development. In this study we investigated the expression of Notch signalling pathway genes and their clinicopathological significance in gastric carcinomas. METHODS AND RESULTS Notch1, Notch3, Jagged1, Jagged2 and Hes1 expression were analysed by quantitative(More)
The principal objective of this study was to comprehensively assess the clinicopathologic and prognostic impacts of the expression of various cell cycle regulatory proteins in patients with ovarian epithelial tumors. The tissue microarrays were constructed from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues of 205 ovarian epithelial tumors. We investigated 55(More)
Ell3 is a RNA polymerase II transcription elongation factor that is enriched in testis. The C-terminal domain of Ell3 shows strong similarities to that of Ell (eleven-nineteen lysine-rich leukemia gene), which acts as a negative regulator of p53 and regulates cell proliferation and survival. Recent studies in our laboratory showed that Ell3 induces the(More)
MicroRNA-145 (miR-145) expression is downregulated in several human cancers, but its clinical and functional relevance to ovarian carcinoma has not yet been elucidated. This study addressed the hypothesis that miR-145 serves as a prognostic biomarker and a tumor suppressor that regulates the expression of high-mobility group A2 (HMGA2) oncoprotein in(More)
Lefty expression has been recognized as a stemness marker because Lefty is enriched both in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and in blastocysts. Here, we examined the function of Lefty1 and Lefty2 in the maintenance of self-renewal and pluripotency of mouse ESCs (mESCs). Suppression of Lefty1 or Lefty2 expression in mESCs did not alter the(More)
Developmental pathways such as Notch play a pivotal role in tissue-specific stem cell self-renewal as well as in tumor development. However, the role of Notch signaling in breast cancer stem cells (CSC) remains to be determined. We utilized a lentiviral Notch reporter system to identify a subset of cells with a higher Notch activity (Notch(+)) or reduced(More)
OBJECTIVES Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered to play a pivotal role in the process of invasion, metastasis and chemotherapy resistance. Diverse aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported in lung cancer cells. However, there have been few reports about miRNAs that were associated with stemness and invasion of lung cancer. We(More)
Fascin1 (FSCN1) involved in cell motility and filopodia assembly plays important roles in biological processes such as cancer invasion and metastasis of multiple epithelial tumors. High-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC) is aggressive and metastatic by acquiring an invasive phenotype and this step requires remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. Thus, the(More)
BACKGROUND Small intestinal adenocarcinoma (SIAC) is a rare human malignant tumor. According to the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis, only a small subpopulation of tumor cells has the ability to initiate and increase tumor growth. CD44v6, CD133, CD166, and ALDH1 have been proposed to be putative CSC markers in gastrointestinal malignancies. However, their(More)