Gwang Yong Hwang

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be generated during the course of normal aerobic metabolism or when an organism is exposed to a variety of stress conditions. It can cause a widespread damage to intracellular macromolecules and play a causal role in many degenerative diseases. Like other aerobic organisms plants are also equipped with a wide range of(More)
Full-length cDNA copies of segment 10 genes of bluetongue virus serotypes 2, 11, 13 and 17 were synthesized by the Clamp-R method and inserted into the plasmid pUC19. The complete nucleotide sequences of these four cognate genes were sequenced and determined to be 822 nucleotides in length, smallest of the 10 genes in the bluetongue virion. These four(More)
A broad panel of agents including serum, interleukin-1, double-stranded RNA, and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulate transcription of the "slow" immediate-early gene MCP-1. These disparate inducers act through a tight cluster of regulatory elements in the distal 5'-flanking sequences of the MCP-1 gene. We describe a 22-base element in this(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulates transcription of an immediate-early gene set in Balb/c 3T3 cells. One cohort of these genes, typified by c-fos, is induced within minutes following activation of PDGF receptors. A second cohort responds to PDGF only after a significant time delay, although induction is still a primary response to receptor(More)
We have used a serotype-specific monoclonal antibody to locate a neutralization epitope on the outer capsid protein, VP2, of the bluetongue virus 13. This surface-accessible region of the virion was recognized by a monoclonal antibody, D24.15, which exhibited serotype-specific neutralizing activity as determined by plaque reduction assay. In Western blots,(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequences of the cognate L1 double-stranded RNA segments of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes 2, 11, 13, and 17, which encode the putative RNA-directed RNA polymerase VP1. Each L1 gene contained 3944 nucleotides and was 10 bases shorter than the previously reported L1 gene of BTV 10. A single open reading frame which(More)
Based on the fact that the amino acid sequence of sulfiredoxin (Srx), already known as a redox-dependent sulfinic acid reductase, showed a high sequence homology with that of ParB, a nuclease enzyme, we examined the nucleic acid binding and hydrolyzing activity of the recombinant Srx in Arabidopsis (AtSrx). We found that AtSrx functions as a nuclease enzyme(More)
Full-length cDNA copies of the M2 gene of BTV-2, -11, and -13 serotypes obtained by a modified polymerase chain reaction (Clamp-R) were cloned into pUC19 plasmid. The entire nucleotide sequences of each M2 gene were determined and compared with BTV-10 and BTV-17, thus completing the sequencing of these cognate M2 gene segments from all five U.S. BTV(More)
We determined the complete nucleotide sequences of the cognate L3 double-stranded RNA (ds-RNA) segments of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes 2, 11, and 13 encoding the major viral inner capsid protein, VP3. Each cognate L3 segment was 2772 nucleotides long and contained a single open reading frame (ORF) with an initiation codon at nucleotides #18-20 and a(More)
The S3 segment (the small segment 3), encoding the structural protein, VP6, from the five United States (US) prototype bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes were amplified by the Clamp-R method and cloned as full-length entities. The complete nucleotide sequence of each cognate gene segment was determined. Each cognate S3 segment of BTV-10, 11, 13 and 17 was(More)