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A recombinant adenovirus (Ad) expressing Cre recombinase derived from bacteriophage P1 was constructed. To assay the Cre activity in mammalian cells, another recombinant Ad bearing an on/off-switching reporter unit, where a LacZ-expression unit can be activated by the Cre-mediated excisional deletion of an interposed stuffer DNA, was also constructed.(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a phosphoprotein that accumulates as a major component of Lewy bodies in the brains of patients with Parkinson disease. Synphilin-1, which is also present in Lewy bodies, binds with alpha-synuclein and forms cytoplasmic inclusions in transfected cells. Yet the molecular determinants of this protein-protein interaction are unknown. Here we(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a presynaptic protein that accumulates abnormally in Lewy bodies of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Its physiological function and role in neuronal death remain poorly understood. Recent immunohistochemical studies suggest that cell cycle-related phenomena may play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's(More)
We reported previously that phosphorylation by casein kinase II (CKII) regulates the interaction between alpha-synuclein and its binding partner synphilin-1, and that both CKII alpha and beta subunits co-localize with alpha-synuclein in cytoplasmic inclusions in transfected cells. In this study, we extended these observations to the brains of patients with(More)
The human D(1A) dopamine receptor is transcribed from a tissue-specific regulated gene under the control of two promoters. An activator region (AR1) located between nucleotides -1154 and -1136 (relative to the first ATG) enhances transcription from the upstream promoter that is active in the brain. In this investigation, we sought to identify the nuclear(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors that recognize pathogens based on distinct molecular signatures. The human (h)TLR1, 2, 6 and 10 belong to the hTLR1 subfamilies, which are localized in the extracellular regions and activated in response to diverse ligand molecules. Due to the unavailability of the hTLR10 crystal structure, the(More)
The gene LamC2 encoding the gamma2 chain of laminin 5, an epithelial cell-specific extracellular matrix protein, was identified in a PCR-based subtracted cDNA library from mouse thymic stromal cells. The mRNA existed in two alternative forms (5.1 and 2.4 kb). The full-length message was highly expressed in SCID thymus and in a nurse cell line, but not in(More)
Cytoplasmic IκB proteins are primary regulators that interact with NF-κB subunits in the cytoplasm of unstimulated cells. Upon stimulation, these IκB proteins are rapidly degraded, thus allowing NF-κB to translocate into the nucleus and activate the transcription of genes encoding various immune mediators. Subsequent to translocation, nuclear IκB proteins(More)
Capric acid is a second medium-chain fatty acid, and recent studies have shown that fatty acids are associated with bone density and reduce bone turnover. In this study, we investigated the effects of capric acid on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced osteoclastogenesis in RAW264.7 cells. After treatment with capric acid (1 mM), the number of tartrate(More)
We report the observation of highly anisotropic Dirac fermions in a Bi square net of SrMnBi(2), based on a first-principles calculation, angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, and quantum oscillations for high-quality single crystals. We found that the Dirac dispersion is generally induced in the (SrBi)(+) layer containing a double-sized Bi square net.(More)