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This paper gives an overview of SIMRI, a new 3D MRI simulator based on the Bloch equation. This simulator proposes an efficient management of the T2* effect, and in a unique simulator integrates most of the simulation features that are offered in different simulators. It takes into account the main static field value and enables realistic simulations of the(More)
This paper presents a method to correct intensity nonuniformity in spin-echo T(1)-weighted images and particularly the inhomogeneities due to RF transmission imperfections which have tissue-dependent effects through the T(1) relaxation times. This method is based on the use of a uniform phantom, first for classic normalization by division by the phantom(More)
The purpose of Workpackage 3 of the European Eupigclass project was to test indirect methods of measuring the lean meat percentage of a carcass that would be less costly, at least as accurate and more consistent than dissection. Magnetic resonance imaging was one of the three indirect methods tested to measure the lean meat weight and the lean meat(More)
Texture analysis methods quantify the spatial variations in gray level values within an image and thus can provide useful information on the structures observed. However, they are sensitive to acquisition conditions due to the use of different protocols and to intra- and interscanner variations in the case of MRI. The influence was studied of two protocols(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the suitability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to predict tissue composition of pig carcasses and cuts. Twenty-four pig carcasses were cut into the four primary cuts that were analyzed with a low field MRI imager before a total dissection. Images were then processed to identify and quantify pixels representing(More)
Proving is a key stage in the development of the final structure of bread, as invasive measurements may provoke dough collapse. Therefore, better understanding and better control of the nucleation and the growth of bubbles require the development of non-invasive methods of measurement. In the present work, a non-invasive method is presented for the(More)
Complete dissection is the current reference method to quantify muscle and fat tissue on pig carcasses. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an appropriate nondestructive alternative method that can provide reliable and quantitative information on pig carcass composition without losing the spatial information. We have developed a method to quantify the(More)
The potentiality of MRI to quantify fat content in flesh and subcutaneous fat in fish cutlets was investigated. Low measurement time was aimed at in a view to handling large number of samples needed in selective breeding programs for example. Results on fresh and frozen-thawed cutlets were compared to assess this way of conservation. As MRI generates(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to reconstruct three-dimensional breast muscle volume of 30 broilers and to locate the most suitable cross-sections to estimate breast muscle yield by ultrasonic scanner. The high accuracy of the determination of the breast muscle yield (R(2)=0.92) from the volume calculated by the sum of 6 mm-spaced MRI transverse(More)
We propose a correction method for magnetic resonance (MR) images to eliminate the effects of the inhomogeneity of the radio-frequency (RF) pulses and of the sensivity of the RF reception particularly in the case of T<sub>1</sub>-weighted images. In this case the effects of the pulse inhomogeneities vary with the tissues, which prevents the use of simpler(More)