Guylaine Briand

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In the protozoan parasite Leishmania, drug resistance can be a complex phenomenon. Several metabolic pathways and membrane transporters are implicated in the resistance phenotype. To monitor the expression of these genes, we generated custom DNA microarrays with PCR fragments corresponding to 44 genes involved with drug resistance. Transcript profiling of(More)
Replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is increased by different cytokines and T cell activators, also known to modulate tyrosine phosphorylation levels. A novel class of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitors, peroxovanadium (pV) compounds, were tested for a putative effect on HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) activity. We found(More)
Cell surface CD4 molecules are known to be important in several physiological responses of T lymphocytes. The use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) particles or purified gp120 molecules as CD4 cross-linking agents has been shown to result in a cascade of intracellular biochemical events. In addition, we and other have provided evidence suggesting that(More)
An aqueous extract of the marine diatom Haslea ostrearia (Simonsen) was studied for its antiproliferative properties against human solid tumors: lung carcinoma (NSCLC-N6), kidney carcinoma (E39) and melanoma (M96). These types of carcinoma are particularly chemoresistant. The extract has a potent cytostatic effect in vitro on the three cell lines and blocks(More)
The CD4 glycoprotein is the primary cellular receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and has also been reported to be physically associated with p56lck, a tyrosyl protein kinase p56lck is a member of the src family of nonreceptor protein-tyrosine kinases and is expressed predominantly in T lymphocytes. Our objective was to study the effect(More)
It is now well known that treatment of tumors, especially non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), remains limited and it is urgent to develop strategies that target tumor cells and their genetic features. In this regard, our work is about genetic modifications arising in an in vitro NSCLC cell line after treatment with a chemical substance, methyl(More)
The cytotoxic activity of three flavonoids, belonging to the kaempherol series, was evaluated against 15 human leukemic cell lines. Flavonoids bearing acyl substituants, 2 and 3, were found to be the most active compounds. A further compound, 1, was examined for its ability to modulate the expression of MDR-1 and GST-pi resistance genes and compounds 2 and(More)
Non-small-cell lung carcinoma is generally refractory to chemotherapy. The difficulties that arise in the treatment of this type of tumor make it necessary to develop new therapeutic strategies. Previous work done in our laboratory showed that a marine substance named bistramide K induced in vitro (atypical) terminal differentiation of NSCLC-N6 cell line.(More)
Highly purified of porcine mature erythrocytes ubiquitin were obtained according to the experimental procedure reported by Jabusch and Deutsch (1983). N-epsilon-acetylation in vitro of internal lysyl residues of ubiquitin by p-nitro-phenyl-acetate at pH 8.0 was performed. The extent of acetylation of ubiquitin was determined: about 4-5 residues (4.5(More)
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