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Admixture mapping (also known as "mapping by admixture linkage disequilibrium," or MALD) provides a way of localizing genes that cause disease, in admixed ethnic groups such as African Americans, with approximately 100 times fewer markers than are required for whole-genome haplotype scans. However, it has not been possible to perform powerful scans with(More)
10 out of 17 (59%) patients with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) had antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I), as did 5 out of 5 TSP patients with systemic symptoms. Only 13 out of 303 (4%) controls, made up of blood donors, medical personnel, and other neurological patients, had such antibodies. These findings suggest either that HTLV-I is(More)
BACKGROUND Transmission of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), the aetiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma, is known to occur during sex among homosexual men. However, other modes of HHV-8 transmission remain to be elucidated in endemic populations. METHODS We did a population-based seroepidemiological survey in a village in French Guiana among 1337 individuals(More)
Traditional life-style, especially food habits, infection by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and genetic factors, have been associated with an increased risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). N-Nitroso compounds and other carcinogens either present in food or formed endogenously, as well as food constituents that activate EBV, have been suspected as etiological(More)
While in the United States and northern Europe, human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) appears to be mainly sexually transmitted with primary infection occurring in adulthood, the modes of transmission remain unknown in East and Central Africa, where Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a long-standing endemic disease, occurring not only in adults but also in children. The aim of(More)
Fifty of 75 serum samples collected in the West Nile district of Uganda between August 1972 and July 1973 contained antibodies reactive with human T-cell leukemia (lymphotropic) virus type 3 (HTLV-III; mean titer, 601), while 12 of 75 samples were positive in a similar test for HTLV type 1 (HTLV-1) antibodies (mean titer, 236). The samples were screened by(More)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from three adult male squirrel monkeys (Saïmiri sciureus) were transformed by human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma virus type I (HTLV-I) by cocultivation with lethally irradiated human MT-2 cells. Three permanent monkey T-cell lines producing HTLV-I were obtained and characterized. Six weeks after inoculation(More)
Human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is a human oncoretrovirus that causes an adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma and a chronic neuromyelopathy. To investigate whether familial aggregation of HTLV-I infection (as determined by specific seropositive status) could be explained in part by genetic factors, we conducted a large genetic epidemiological survey in(More)
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, HCV infection, and genotypes was studied in a rural population of the Central African Republic. In five villages, blood samples were taken from all the inhabitants present during the survey, belonging to Pygmies (299) and to Bantu and Banda ethnic groups (247). Using a second-generation ELISA screening(More)