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Results of an epidemiological survey for beta-thalassemic defects involving 239 chromosomes in Algeria are analyzed in relation to the geographic and historical background of the country and are compared with published series for the Tunisian population. Four common mutations account for 81% of the chromosomes, but 13 other defects have been found,(More)
A large and ethnically well-defined Mandenka sample from eastern Senegal was analyzed for the polymorphism of the beta-globin gene cluster on chromosome 11. Five RFLP sites of the 5' region were investigated in 193 individuals revealing the presence of 10 different haplotypes. The frequency of the sickle-cell anemia causing mutation (beta(S)) in the(More)
Analyzing the nuclear DNA from ancient human bones is an essential step to the understanding of genetic diversity in current populations, provided that such systematic studies are experimentally feasible. This article reports the successful extraction and amplification of nuclear DNA from the beta-globin region from 5 of 10 bone specimens up to 12,000 years(More)
The loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta is an endangered species in the Mediterranean. Therefore, the definition of the Mediterranean population, and their relationships to the Atlantic population is of fundamental importance. For this purpose, we have sequenced a portion of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to generate genetic markers. Results indicate(More)
Nucleotide polymorphisms of both the 5' flanking and intragenic regions of the human beta-globin gene were investigated by directly sequencing genomic DNA after amplification by the polymerase chain reaction in 47 subjects homozygous for the beta S or the beta C mutation. The sickle-cell mutation was found in the context of five different haplotypes defined(More)
The clinical diversity of sickle cell anemia is strongly related to the degree of intracellular hemoglobin S (Hb S) polymerization, which in turn is dependent on the intracellular concentration of Hb S. We have recently defined a region of DNA approximately 500 bp 5' to the human beta-globin gene that acts as a silencer for the transcription of this gene(More)
The origin of the beta C mutation was studied by characterizing nucleotide sequence polymorphisms on beta C chromosomes of patients from various African countries. In the majority of cases, the beta C mutation was found in linkage disequilibrium with a single chromosomal structure as defined by classical RFLP haplotypes, intergenic nucleotide sequence(More)
A 5600-base-pair (bp) fragment including the beta-globin gene and about 4000 bp of its 5' flanking sequence was cloned from the DNA of Macaca cynomolgus (an Old World monkey), and the 5' flanking region was sequenced. Comparison with human, chimpanzee, mouse, rabbit, and Xenopus orthologous sequences reveals a tandemly repeated sequence called RS4 at the(More)
Haplotype analysis of the beta-globin gene cluster shows two regions of DNA characterized by nonrandom association of restriction site polymorphisms. These regions are separated by a variable segment containing the repeated sequences (ATTTT)n and (AT)xTy, which might be involved in recombinational events. Studies of haplotypes linked to the sickle cell gene(More)
The sickle cell mutation (beta s) arose as at least three independent events in Africa and once in Asia, being termed the Senegal, Benin, Bantu and Indian types respectively. An investigation in Cameroon was carried out to determine whether the atypical sickle genes observed in the neighboring countries are the result of recombination or the presence of a(More)