Guy Sauvageau

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An emerging concept in the field of cancer biology is that a rare population of 'tumour stem cells' exists among the heterogeneous group of cells that constitute a tumour. This concept, best described with human leukaemia, indicates that stem cell function (whether normal or neoplastic) might be defined by a common set of critical genes. Here we show that(More)
Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins are transcriptional repressors that epigenetically modify chromatin and participate in the establishment and maintenance of cell fates. These proteins play important roles in both stem cell self-renewal and in cancer development. Our understanding of their mechanism of action has greatly advanced over the past 10 years, but(More)
Hoxa9, Meis1 and Pbx1 encode homeodomaincontaining proteins implicated in leukemic transformation in both mice and humans. Hoxa9, Meis1 and Pbx1 proteins have been shown to physically interact with each other, as Hoxa9 cooperatively binds consensus DNA sequences with Meis1 and with Pbx1, while Meis1 and Pbx1 form heterodimers in both the presence and(More)
Hox transcription factors have emerged as important regulators of primitive hematopoietic cell proliferation and differentiation. In particular, HOXB4 appears to be a strong positive regulator of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal. Here we demonstrate the potency of HOXB4 to enable high-level ex vivo HSC expansion. Cultures of nontransduced or(More)
Cytogenetic, genetic, and functional studies have demonstrated a direct link between deregulated Hoxa9 expression and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Hoxa9 overexpression in mouse bone marrow cells invariably leads to AML within 3 to 10 months, suggesting the requirement for additional genetic events prior to AML. To gain further insight into how Hoxa9(More)
The homeobox gene Hoxa-9 is normally expressed in primitive bone marrow cells, and overexpression of Hoxa-9 markedly expands hematopoietic stem cells, suggesting a function in early hematopoiesis. We present evidence for major functional defects in Hoxa-9-/- hematopoietic stem cells. Hoxa-9-/- marrow cells have normal numbers of immunophenotypic stem cells(More)
Several homeobox genes of the HOXA and HOXB clusters are expressed in primitive blood cells, suggesting a role for HOX genes in normal hematopoiesis. The HOXA9 gene is expressed in CD34+ marrow cells and in developing lymphocytes. We examined blood-forming organs of mice homozygous for an interrupted HOXA9 allele to determine if loss of HOX gene function is(More)
In this study, we show the high frequency of spontaneous γδ T-cell leukemia (T-ALL) occurrence in mice with biallelic deletion of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2). Tumor cells show little residual H3K27 trimethylation marks compared with controls. EZH2 is a component of the PRC2 Polycomb group protein complex, which is associated with DNA(More)
The capacity for sustained self-renewal--the generation of daughter cells having the same regenerative properties as the parent cell--is the defining feature of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Strong evidence exists that self-renewal of HSC is under extrinsic biological control in vivo. A variety of cytokines, morphogenic ligands and associated signaling(More)
Complex genetic and biochemical interactions between HOX proteins and members of the TALE (i.e., PBX and MEIS) family have been identified in embryonic development, and some of these interactions also appear to be important for leukemic transformation. We have previously shown that HOXA9 collaborates with MEIS1 in the induction of acute myeloid leukemia(More)