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An explanation of the endemic nature and/or the resurgence of Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) in the historic foci in West and Central Africa may be the existence of an animal reservoir. In some HAT foci, pigs were found infected by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense but the implication of the other domestic animals was not quite evaluated. This study aims to(More)
To understand the circulation and the spread of Trypanosoma congolense genotypes in animals of Fontem in the southwest region of Cameroon, T. congolense forest and T. congolense savannah were investigated in 397 domestic animals in eight villages. Out of the 397 domestic animals, 86 (21.7%) were found infected by trypanosomes, using the capillary tube(More)
Epidemiological surveys were conducted in two historical human African trypanosomiasis foci in South Cameroon, Bipindi and Campo. In each focus, three sampling areas were defined. In Bipindi, only Glossina palpalis was identified, whereas four species were identified in Campo, G. palpalis being highly predominant (93%). For further analyses, 75 flies were(More)
To determine the tsetse fly host preferences in two sleeping sickness foci of southern Cameroon, four entomological surveys (two in each focus) were carried out. For the whole study, 4929 tsetse flies were caught: 3933 (79.8%) Glossina palpalis palpalis, 626 (12.7%) Glossina pallicera pallicera, 276 (5.6%) Glossina nigrofusca and 94 (1.9%) Glossina(More)
Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) remains a public health problem in many poor countries. Due to lack of financial resources in these countries, cost-effective strategies are needed for efficient control of this scourge, especially the tsetse vector. It was shown that perennial water sources maintain a favourable biotope for tsetse flies and thus the(More)
To identify Trypanosoma brucei genotypes which are potentially transmitted in a sleeping sickness focus, microsatellite markers were used to characterize T. brucei found in the mid-guts of wild tsetse flies of the Fontem sleeping sickness focus in Cameroon. For this study, two entomological surveys were performed during which 2685 tsetse flies were(More)
A new index for the risk for transmission of human African trypanosomiasis was developed from an earlier index by adding terms for the proportion of tsetse infected with Trypanosoma brucei gambiense group 1 and the contribution of animals to tsetse diet. The validity of the new index was then assessed in the Fontem focus of southwest Cameroon. Averages of(More)
To improve our knowledge on the transmission dynamics of trypanosomes, Trypanosoma brucei was identified in domestic animals of the Fontem sleeping sickness focus of Cameroon and their genetic characterizations were performed using seven polymorphic microsatellite markers. About 397 domestic animals including 225 pigs, 87 goats, 65 sheep and 20 dogs were(More)
Human African Trypanosomiasis is still a public health threat in Cameroon. To assess Trypanosoma brucei strains circulating in the Fontem sleeping sickness focus, we conducted a genetic structure study using microsatellites to assess genotypes circulating in both tsetse flies and domestic animals. For this study, pyramidal traps were set up and 2695 tsetse(More)
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