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Pretest and posttest counseling have become standard components of prevention-oriented human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody testing programs. However, not all persons who receive pretest counseling and testing return for posttest counseling. Records of 557,967 clients from January through December 1990, representing more than 40 percent of all(More)
Two outbreaks of group A streptococcal abscesses following receipt of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid-pertussis (DTP) vaccine from different manufacturers were reported to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 1982. The clustering of the immunization times of cases, the isolation of the same serotype of Streptococcus from all cases in each outbreak, and the(More)
The history, current role, and potential enhanced functions of HIV partner notification are reviewed. What is known about the effectiveness of partner notification is summarized and five general findings are reported: (1) many, if not most, HIV-infected individuals will cooperate in notifying at least some of their sex partners of exposure to HIV; (2) sex(More)
During the period September 1981 to August 1985, we investigated every reported case of measles in Oklahoma to confirm the diagnosis, to determine the source, and to identify contacts to prevent spread of the disease. During this time, 33 serologically and/or epidemiologically confirmed cases were investigated. Nine (27%) persons acquired measles in a(More)
In 1990, nearly 1.5 million human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody tests were performed at publicly funded sites. Eight percent of those tests were performed for self-identified illegal injecting drug users (IDU). The authors examined data from 28 project areas using a client record data base that permitted an analysis of self-reported risk behavior by(More)
A higher impedance, steroid-eluting pacing lead was studied in a multicenter trial. A total of 132 leads were implanted in 61 patients and the electrical characteristics were compared with historical controls. The study lead had a lower pacing threshold at 3 months, 0.72 +/- 0.33 versus 1.29 +/- 0.82 in the atrium and 0.71 +/- 0.25 versus 1.52 +/- 0.52 in(More)