Guy R. Lambert

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Arsenic is a human carcinogen; however, the mechanisms of arsenic's induction of carcinogenic effects have not been identified clearly. We have shown previously that monomethylarsonous acid (MMA(III)) and dimethylarsinous acid (DMA(III)) are genotoxic and can damage supercoiled phiX174 DNA and the DNA in peripheral human lymphocytes in culture. These(More)
Four triazole fungicides used in agricultural or pharmaceutical applications were examined for hepatotoxic effects in mouse liver. Besides organ weight, histopathology, and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme induction, DNA microarrays were used to generate gene expression profiles and hypotheses on potential mechanisms of action for this class of chemicals. Adult(More)
The binary, ternary, quaternary, and quintary interactions of a five-component mixture of carcinogenic environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using response surface analyses are described. Initially, lung tumor dose-response curves in strain A/J mice for each of the individual PAHs benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), benzo[b]fluoranthene (B[b]F),(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) is an archetypal member of the family of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and is a widely distributed environmental pollutant. B[a]P is known to induce cancer in animals, and B[a]P-containing complex mixtures are human carcinogens. B[a]P exerts its genotoxic and carcinogenic effects through metabolic activation forming reactive(More)
The environmental pollutant 6-nitrochrysene (6-NC) is a potent carcinogen in several animal models including the rat mammary gland. 6-NC can be activated to intermediates that can damage DNA by simple nitroreduction, ring oxidation, or a combination of ring oxidation and nitroreduction. Only the first pathway (nitroreduction) has been clearly established,(More)
This study was undertaken to examine the inductive effects of two triazole antifungal agents, myclobutanil and triadimefon, on the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes and on the activities of CYP enzymes in male Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were dosed with the conazoles at three dose levels by gavage for 14 days: myclobutanil (150, 75, and(More)
Propiconazole is a N-substituted triazole used as a fungicide on fruits, grains, seeds, hardwoods, and conifers. In the present study, propiconazole was examined for its effects on the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 genes and on the activities of P450 enzymes in male Sprague-Dawley rats and male CD-1 mice. Rats and mice were administered(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-quinone (BPQ) is one of the reactive metabolites of the widely distributed archetypal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P). The formation of BPQ from B[a]P through trans-7,8-dihydroxy-7,8-dihydroB[a]P by the mediation of aldo-keto reductases and its role in the genotoxicity and carcinogenesis of B[a]P currently are(More)
Chromosomal DNA from nine species of filamentous cyanobacteria as diverse as Nostoc, Gloeotrichia and Plectonema is suggested to be extensively modified (methylated) by its resistance to cleavage by a number of restriction endonucleases. A remarkably similar pattern of DNA modification in these species contrasts with the known heterogeneity of their type II(More)
Metabolic activation studies of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P) (dibenzo[def,p]chrysene), an extremely potent environmental carcinogen, have been focused on metabolism at the fjord region, a region associated with high mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of the corresponding fjord-region DB[a,l]P-11,12-diol-13,14-epoxides. DB[a,l]P is metabolized by(More)