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The nucleotide sequence of 1200 bp from the unique region of transposon Tn5 containing the neomycin phosphotransferase gene (neo) was determined, and the location of the neo gene was identified by deletion mutants in a translational reading frame of 792 bp. The derived gene product, an aminoglycoside 3'-phosphotransferase (APH) II, consists of 264 amino(More)
In species representing different levels of vertebrate evolution, olfactory receptor genes have been identified by molecular cloning techniques. Comparing the deduced amino-acid sequences revealed that the olfactory receptor gene family of Rana esculenta resembles that of Xenopus laevis, indicating that amphibians in general may comprise two classes of(More)
Nucleotide sequences have been determined for the 1.5-kb inverted repeats of Tn5 and for their junctions with the central unique region and with host DNA. The primary findings stemming from this analysis are: 1. Integration of Tn5 is accompanied by the duplication of 9 bp of host DNA. 2. Loss of Tn5 occurs by crossover between short, homologous nucleotide(More)
The Prader-Willi syndrome/Angelman syndrome (PWS/AS) imprinted domain is regulated by a bipartite imprinting control center (IC) composed of a sequence around the SNRPN promoter (PWS-IC) and a 880-bp sequence located 35 kb upstream (AS-IC). The AS-IC imprint is established during gametogenesis and confers repression upon PWS-IC on the maternal allele.(More)
After erasure in the early animal embryo, a new bimodal DNA methylation pattern is regenerated at implantation. We have identified a demethylation pathway in mouse embryonic cells that uses hydroxymethylation (Tet1), deamination (Aid), glycosylation (Mbd4) and excision repair (Gadd45a) genes. Surprisingly, this demethylation system is not necessary for(More)
In vertebrates, recognition of odorous compounds is based on a large repertoire of receptor subtypes encoded by a multigene family. Towards an understanding of the phylogenetic origin of the vertebrate olfactory receptor family, attempts have been made to identify related receptor genes in the river lampreys (Lampetra fluviatilis), which are descendants of(More)
Chronic liver inflammation precedes the majority of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Here, we explore the connection between chronic inflammation and DNA methylation in the liver at the late precancerous stages of HCC development in Mdr2(-/-) (Mdr2/Abcb4-knockout) mice, a model of inflammation-mediated HCC. Using methylated DNA immunoprecipitation followed(More)
Both mouse and human embryonic stem cells can be differentiated in vitro to produce a variety of somatic cell types. Using a new developmental tracing approach, we show that these cells are subject to massive aberrant CpG island de novo methylation that is exacerbated by differentiation in vitro. Bioinformatics analysis indicates that there are two distinct(More)
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