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We have shown previously that the death receptor CD95 could contribute to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis of colon cancer cells. In addition, anti-cancer drugs cooperate with CD95 cognate ligand or agonistic antibodies to trigger cancer cell apoptosis. In the present study, we show that the anti-cancer drug cisplatin induces clustering of CD95 at the(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key regulator of growth and survival in many cell types. Its constitutive activation has been involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. In this study, we show that mTOR inhibition by rapamycin strongly inhibits the growth of the most immature acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines through blockade in(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase playing an important role in cell motility and survival. However, very little is known about FAK in normal and leukemic myeloid cells. In this study, FAK protein expression and mRNA were detected in 25 of 60 cases (42%) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Whereas FAK was expressed in 46% of CD34+ AML(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has been substantially improved by the addition of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab to chemotherapy regimens. We aimed to assess, in patients aged 18-59 years, the potential survival benefit provided by a dose-intensive immunochemotherapy regimen plus rituximab compared with standard(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine with antitumor activity against several cellular models. TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis seems to be mediated by a signaling pathway termed 'sphingomyelin-ceramide' pathway, which consists of the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin and the production of its breakdown product ceramide. Our study shows that KG1a cells,(More)
CD8+ CTLs are thought to play a role in the control of follicular lymphoma (FL). Yet, the link between CTL tissue distribution, activation status, ability to kill FL cells in vivo, and disease progression is still elusive. Pretreatment lymph nodes from FL patients were analyzed by IHC (n = 80) or by 3-color confocal microscopy (n = 10). IHC revealed a rich(More)
OBJECTIVES Anthracyclines cause apoptotic death in many cell types through activation of the ceramide pathway. We tested the hypothesis that doxorubicin induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis through ceramide generation. METHODS Adult rat ventricular myocytes were grown in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum, and exposed to 0.5 microM doxorubicin (Dox) for 1(More)
We have studied the plasma and peripheral leukocyte pharmacokinetics of mitoxantrone associated, in a high-dose regimen, with cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide in patients with refractory lymphoma undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation. Nineteen patients with refractory lymphoma were involved in a clinical trial with escalated doses(More)
Telomerase catalytic subunit (hTERT) has been shown to play a critical role not only in telomere homeostasis but also in cellular survival, DNA repair, and genetic stability. In a previous study, we described that tumor necrosis factor-xalpha (TNFxalpha) induced in the leukemic KG1 cells a senescence state characterized by decreased hTERT activity followed(More)