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The distribution of Gp 170, a multidrug resistance (MDR) associated glycoprotein, also called P-glycoprotein (P-gp), was examined by immunohistochemistry, using C219 and MRK16 monoclonal antibodies. Sixty-five tumour tissues were studied which included 40 non-lymphoid tumours, 15 chemoresistant non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and 10 Hodgkin's disease. The study was(More)
INTRODUCTION Bisphosphonates have become standard therapy for the treatment of skeletal complications related to breast cancer. Although their therapeutic effects mainly result from an inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption, in vitro data indicate that they also act directly on breast cancer cells, inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis. (More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has been substantially improved by the addition of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab to chemotherapy regimens. We aimed to assess, in patients aged 18-59 years, the potential survival benefit provided by a dose-intensive immunochemotherapy regimen plus rituximab compared with standard(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine with antitumor activity against several cellular models. TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis seems to be mediated by a signaling pathway termed 'sphingomyelin-ceramide' pathway, which consists of the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin and the production of its breakdown product ceramide. Our study shows that KG1a cells,(More)
Estrogen receptor alpha (ER) turnover in MCF-7 cells was assessed by pulse chase analysis and measurement of ER steady-state level. In untreated cells, degradation of (35)S-labeled ER was characterized by a slow phase followed by a more rapid decline. Without ligand, ER elimination was totally compensated by synthesis which maintained receptor homeostasis.(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are used in the treatment of cancer to induce programmed cell death in the transformed cells of the hematopoietic system and to reduce side effects. Additionally, GCs are described as an inhibitor of certain chemotherapy or radiation‑induced apoptosis and also an inhibitor of cancer progression by downregulating or upregulating the(More)
Tamoxifen is the standard first-line endocrine therapy for breast cancer, but recent data indicate that it is likely to be replaced by the effective aromatase inhibitors (AIs), in both the metastatic and adjuvant settings. Aromatase inhibitors induce complete oestrogen deprivation that leads to clinically significant bone loss. Several ongoing or planned(More)
This study aimed at a better understanding of estrogen receptor alpha (ER) up regulation induced by partial estrogen antagonists. Effect of treatment with hydroxytamoxifen (OH-Tam) on ER level in MCF-7 cells was investigated by an approach combining ER measurement (enzyme immunoassay) and morphological demonstration (immunofluorescence). Furthermore, the(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its receptor CD74 appear to be involved in tumorigenesis. We evaluated, by immunohistochemical staining, the tissue expression and distribution of MIF and CD74 in serial sections of human invasive breast cancer tumor specimens. The serum MIF level was also determined in breast cancer patients. We showed a(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical outcome of patients with high-risk melanoma cannot be reliably predicted on the basis of classical histopathological examination. Our study aimed to determine in melanoma metastases a gene expression profile associated with patient survival, and to identify and validate marker(s) of poor clinical outcome. METHODS Skin and lymph node(More)