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We have shown previously that the death receptor CD95 could contribute to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis of colon cancer cells. In addition, anti-cancer drugs cooperate with CD95 cognate ligand or agonistic antibodies to trigger cancer cell apoptosis. In the present study, we show that the anti-cancer drug cisplatin induces clustering of CD95 at the(More)
BACKGROUND The outcome of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma has been substantially improved by the addition of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab to chemotherapy regimens. We aimed to assess, in patients aged 18-59 years, the potential survival benefit provided by a dose-intensive immunochemotherapy regimen plus rituximab compared with standard(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine with antitumor activity against several cellular models. TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis seems to be mediated by a signaling pathway termed 'sphingomyelin-ceramide' pathway, which consists of the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin and the production of its breakdown product ceramide. Our study shows that KG1a cells,(More)
We have studied the plasma and peripheral leukocyte pharmacokinetics of mitoxantrone associated, in a high-dose regimen, with cyclophosphamide, carmustine, and etoposide in patients with refractory lymphoma undergoing autologous bone marrow transplantation. Nineteen patients with refractory lymphoma were involved in a clinical trial with escalated doses(More)
OBJECTIVES Anthracyclines cause apoptotic death in many cell types through activation of the ceramide pathway. We tested the hypothesis that doxorubicin induces cardiac myocyte apoptosis through ceramide generation. METHODS Adult rat ventricular myocytes were grown in the presence of 10% fetal calf serum, and exposed to 0.5 microM doxorubicin (Dox) for 1(More)
In light of the emerging concept of a protective function of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway under stress conditions, we investigated the influence of the anthracycline daunorubicin (DNR) on MAPK signaling and its possible contribution to DNR-induced cytotoxicity. We show that DNR increased phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated(More)
An increasing body of evidence appears to implicate the lipid bilayer of multidrug resistant (MDR) cells with P-glycoprotein activity. Several cationic amphiphilic drugs (CADs) have been extensively described as modulators of MDR. These same agents are also known to (1) inhibit lysosomal acid sphingomyelinase (ASmase), a phospholipid degrading enzyme,(More)
To address the role of a plausible protease cascade in daunorubicin-triggered apoptosis, we evaluated the effect of cell-permeant protease inhibitors on its signal transduction pathway. Treatment of U937 and HL-60 cells with 0.5-1 microM of the chemotherapeutic drug daunorubicin induced a greater than 30% activation of neutral sphingomyelinase activity(More)