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Estrogen receptors (alpha and beta) are members of the steroid/thyroid nuclear receptors superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors. Impact of the alpha isoform of estrogen receptor (ER) on breast cancer etiology and progression is now well established. Current therapeutic strategy to treat ER-positive breast cancer relies on the blockade of ER(More)
The key events implicated in ceramide-triggered apoptosis remain unknown. In this study we show that 25 microM C6-ceramide induced significant H2O2 production within 60 min, which increased up to 180 min in human myeloid leukemia U937 cells. Inactive analogue dihydro-C6-ceramide had no effect. Furthermore, no H2O2 production was observed in(More)
PURPOSE [(18)F]Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) is widely used for the staging and restaging of patients with aggressive lymphoma, but less is known about the utility of PET in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL). In a prospective study, we evaluated the prognostic value of PET performed during treatment and at the end of treatment(More)
We have shown previously that the death receptor CD95 could contribute to anticancer drug-induced apoptosis of colon cancer cells. In addition, anticancer drugs cooperate with CD95 cognate ligand or agonistic antibodies to trigger cancer cell apoptosis. In the present study, we show that the anticancer drug cisplatin induces clustering of CD95 at the(More)
In a panel of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) cell lines, representative of distinct differentiation stages, we investigated the possible correlation between drug-resistance and both expression and function of the multidrug resistance (MDR)-related P-glycoprotein (P-gp). The AML cell lines were KG1a, KG1, TF1, HEL, ML1, and two non drug-selected P-gp(More)
Kidney cortex apoptosis was studied with female Wistar rats treated for 10 days with gentamicin and netilmicin at daily doses of 10 or 20 mg/kg of body weight and amikacin or isepamicin at daily doses of 40 mg/kg. Apoptosis was detected and quantitated using cytological (methyl green-pyronine) and immunohistochemical (terminal(More)
Anthracyclines such as daunorubicin (DNR) generate radical oxygen species (ROS), which account, at least in part, for their cytotoxic effect. We observed that early ceramide generation (within 6-10 min) through neutral sphingomyelinase stimulation was inhibitable by the antioxidants N-acetylcysteine and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, which led to a decrease(More)
In a recent study, we described that UV-C irradiation resulted in redox-dependent activation and relocalization of A-SMase (acid sphingomyelinase) to the external surface of raft membrane microdomains, hydrolysis of SM (sphingomyelin) associated with the plasma membrane outer leaflet, ceramide generation and apoptosis. In the present study, we have(More)
The control of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression in multidrug-resistant cells (MDR) is complex and may be regulated at different levels. We have investigated Pgp stability in four different human and hamster MDR cell lines. Using a pulse-chase procedure we show that Pgp half-life is between 14 and 17 h in all these cell lines when they are growing(More)
Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) have been reported to correlate with the development of transplant-related complications after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In a recent phase I-II trial, oral administration of pentoxifylline (PTX), a xanthine derivative capable of downregulating TNF-alpha production in vitro, was reported to(More)