Guy J-M Lauquin

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ATP, the principal energy currency of the cell, fuels most biosynthetic reactions in the cytoplasm by its hydrolysis into ADP and inorganic phosphate. Because resynthesis of ATP occurs in the mitochondrial matrix, ATP is exported into the cytoplasm while ADP is imported into the matrix. The exchange is accomplished by a single protein, the ADP/ATP carrier.(More)
Import and export of metabolites through mitochondrial membranes are vital processes that are highly controlled and regulated at the level of the inner membrane. Proteins of the mitochondrial carrier family ( MCF ) are embedded in this membrane, and each member of the family achieves the selective transport of a specific metabolite. Among these, the ADP/ATP(More)
The oligomerization state of the ADP/ATP carrier is an important issue in understanding the mechanism underlying nucleotide exchange across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The first high resolution structure obtained in the presence of carboxyatractyloside revealed a large cavity formed within a monomer in which the inhibitor is strongly bound. Whereas(More)
We have isolated genomic clones complementing the aconitase-deficient strain (glu1-1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Identification of the aconitase gene was established by enzymatic assays and molecular analyses. The corresponding mRNA has been characterized, and its direction of transcription has been determined. The complete nucleotide sequence revealed(More)
The expression of a key mitochondrial membrane component, the ADP/ATP carrier, was investigated in two aerobic yeast species, Kluyveromyces lactis and Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Although the two species differ very much in their respiratory capacity, the expression of the carrier in both yeast species was decreased under partially anaerobic conditions and(More)
Bilayers were formed at the tip of microelectrodes from a suspension of proteoliposomes derived from wild-type and porin-deficient mutant yeast mitochondria. In both preparations, identical cationic channels of large conductance were recorded. This result rules out any relationship between this channel and the outer membrane voltage-dependent anion channel,(More)
Several mutants of yeast lacking the porin gene have been found stable and viable on glucose or glycerol media. Ethanol-supported respiration of porin-free mutant and wild cells appeared equally coupled in vivo being similarly depressed by inhibitors of ADP/ATP translocase or of ATP synthase and stimulated by the uncoupler FCCP. The absence of porin in(More)
GPI anchors are widely represented among organisms and have several cellular functions. It has been proposed that in yeast there are two groups of GPI proteins: plasma membrane-resident proteins, such as Gas1p or Yap3p, and cell wall-targeted proteins, such as Tir1p or alpha-agglutinin. A model has been proposed for the plasma membrane retention of proteins(More)
Peroxiredoxins (Prx's) are a superfamily of thiol-specific antioxidant proteins present in all organisms and involved in the hydroperoxide detoxification of the cell. The catalytic cysteine of Prx's reduces hydroperoxides and is transformed into a transient sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH). At high hydroperoxide concentration, the sulfenic acid can be overoxidized(More)
Spin-labeled long-chain (m,n)acyl-CoA's (general formula: CH3(CH2)mCR(CH2)nCOSCoA, where R is an oxazolidine ring containing a nitroxide) inhibit anion transports through the inner mitochondrial membrane at low concentrations as ordinary long-chain acyl-CoA's do. The inhibition constant relative to the inhibition of the ADP transport in heart mitochondria(More)