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The metal binding sites of isolated F1 ATPase from spinach chloroplasts (CF1) and from the thermophilic bacterium Bacillus PS3 (TF1) have been studied by EPR and pulsed EPR spectroscopy using Mn(II) as a paramagnetic probe. After dialysis in the presence of EDTA, purified CF1 retains 0.14 +/- 0.07 Mg(II) and approximately 0.75 +/- 0.25 ADP. TF1 retains 0.31(More)
By using gel filtration chromatography, following the technique of Hummel and Dreyer (Hummel, J., and Dreyer, W. (1962) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 63, 532-534), the adenine nucleotide-binding sites of isolated soluble chloroplast ATPase (CF1) and of the beta subunit were studied. CF1 possesses six adenine nucleotide-binding sites: two high affinity sites for(More)
A new tentoxin analogue, in which the L-methyl alanine residue is substituted by L-methylserine, has been prepared following the synthetic pathway recently described for the synthesis of tentoxin [Cavelier, F., & Verducci, J. (1995) Tetrahedron Lett. 36, 4425-4428]. Using two-dimensional homonuclear proton nuclear magnetic resonance and structural analysis,(More)
The conformations of the phytotoxic cyclic tetrapeptide tentoxin [cyclo-(L-MeAla1-L-Leu2-MePhe[(Z) delta]3-Gly4)] have been studied in aqueous solution by two-dimensional proton nmr at various temperatures. Contrary to what is observed in chloroform, tentoxin exhibits multiple exchanging conformations in water. Aggregation phenomena were also observed. Four(More)
A new procedure for synthesis of 14C-labeled tentoxin [14C-MePhe[(Z)delta]3-tentoxin], with a high specific activity, is described. Binding experiments with CF1 or CF1-epsilon isolated from spinach chloroplast have been carried out using equilibrium dialysis technique. The results show the presence of two classes of binding sites. The association constants(More)
The influences of total magnesium ion concentration at different total ATP concentrations, and of total ATP concentration, for different total magnesium ion concentrations, on the enzymatic rate of the isolated chloroplast F1 ATPase, have been followed by a chromatographic method consisting in the separation and determination of ADP. From the various series(More)
The binding sites for Mg2+ in wild type F1 ATPase (TF1) and in the alpha 3 beta 3 gamma subcomplex from the thermophilic bacterium Bacillus PS3 have been studied by EPR and by ESEEM and HYSCORE spectroscopy of complexes with the oxovanadium cation VO2+. Complexes of metal-depleted TF1 and substoichiometric amounts of VO2+ display low-temperature EPR signals(More)
Optimal conditions for the reconstitution of bacteriorhodopsin and H+-transporting ATP synthase from thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF0F1) were determined. Phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidic acid liposomes prepared by reverse-phase evaporation were treated with various amounts of Triton X-100, octyl glucoside, octaethylene glycol n-dodecylether, sodium cholate or(More)
ATPase activity of the coupling factor 1, CF1, isolated from spinach chloroplasts, was enhanced by reduction with dithiothreitol. Reduced thioredoxins from spinach chloroplasts, Escherichia coli and human lymphocytes replaced dithiothreitol as reductant and activator of the ATPase. CF1 must be in an oxidized activated state to be further activated by(More)