Guy G. Chabot

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BACKGROUND The inactivation of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) by aberrant DNA methylation plays an important role in the development of malignancy. Since this epigenetic change is reversible, it is a potential target for chemotherapeutic intervention using an inhibitor of DNA methylation, such as 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC). Although clinical studies show(More)
Since human colorectal tumors are insensitive to most chemotherapeutic agents, there is a need for the discovery of new drugs that would show activity against this disease. In an attempt to better appreciate the relevance of a widely used mouse colon tumor (colon adenocarcinoma Co38) as a screening model for human colorectal tumors, we compared the main(More)
Flavone acetic acid (FAA), a new drug with broad activity against transplanted solid tumors of mice, induces nonrepairable DNA single strand breaks that correlate with therapeutic efficacy. To test the hypothesis that the inability of the cells to repair single strand breaks is associated with a disruption of tumor energy metabolism, in vivo 31P nuclear(More)
In an attempt to better understand breast tumors sensitivity or resis tance to anticancer drugs, the main drug-metabolizing enzyme systems were evaluated in both breast tumors and their corresponding peritu-moral tissues in 12 patients. The following enzymes were assayed by The activity of the following enzymes or cofactor were determined by(More)
The natural flavonoid fisetin (3,3',4',7-tetrahydroxyflavone) has shown antitumour activity but its administration is complicated by its low water solubility. Our aim was to incorporate fisetin into a nanoemulsion to improve its pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy. Solubility and emulsification tests allowed to develop an optimal nanoemulsion composed(More)
The metabolism of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been reported to be partly responsible for the in vivo resistance to ATRA seen in the treatment of human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). However, ATRA metabolism appears to be involved in the growth inhibition of several cancer cell lines in vitro. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in(More)
The endothelial cell adhesion molecules, including the integrin alpha v beta 3 (αvβ3) and E-selectin, are involved in the process of angiogenesis required for tumour growth, cell migration and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare widely used tumour models to select the ones most suitable for angiogenesis research. Fifteen murine(More)
Intraarterial chemotherapy with Adriamycin (ADM) has shown limited advantages over i.v. administration, with no reduction in systemic toxicities and modest decrease in peripheral plasma levels. In an effort to improve the selectivity of i.a. anthracycline chemotherapy, we compared pirarubicin (4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin, THP) and ADM in the surgically(More)
Dietary polyphenols, including flavonoids, have long been recognized as a source of important molecules involved in the prevention of several diseases, including cancer. However, because of their poor bioavailability, polyphenols remain difficult to be employed clinically. Over the past few years, a renewed interest has been devoted to the use of liposomes(More)