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BACKGROUND Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a novel water-soluble camptothecin derivative selected for clinical testing based on its good in vitro and in vivo activity in various experimental systems, including pleiotropic drug-resistant tumors. Its mechanism of action appears mediated through topoisomerase I inhibition. The purpose of this study was to describe(More)
Quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the content of mRNA derived from four CYP3A genes (CYP3A2, CYP3A9, CYP3A18, and CYP3A23) in rat liver. CYP3A2 and CYP3A9 gene expression was age- and sex-dependent, whereas CYP3A18 and CYP3A23 mRNA were observed before and after puberty at fairly constant levels that were(More)
The purpose of this work was to identify the principal human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) involved in the metabolism of the retinoic acid (RA) isomers, 9-cis- and 13-cis-RA, by using a combination of techniques including human liver microsomes (correlation of activity and inhibition), and lymphoblast microsomes expressing a single CYP. Concerning the 9-cis-RA,(More)
PURPOSE A phase I study was undertaken to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), principal toxicities, and pharmacokinetics of the novel topoisomerase I inhibitor irinotecan (CPT-11). PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-four patients meeting standard phase I eligibility criteria were included (24 women, 40 men; median age, 51 years; primary sites: colon, head(More)
This article reviews the clinical pharmacokinetics of a water-soluble analogue of camptothecin, irinotecan [CPT-11 or 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]-carbonyloxy-camptoth eci n]. Irinotecan, and its more potent metabolite SN-38 (7- ethyl-10-hydroxy-camptothecin), interfere with mammalian DNA topoisomerase I and cancer cell death appears to result(More)
Retinoids are vitamin A (retinol) derivatives essential for normal embryo development and epithelial differentiation. These compounds are also involved in chemoprevention and differentiation therapy of some cancers, with particularly impressive results in the management of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although highly effective in APL therapy,(More)
To better understand the importance of drug-metabolizing enzymes in carcinogenesis and anticancer drug sensitivity of human non-small cell lung cancer, we studied the main drug-metabolizing enzyme systems in both lung tumors and their corresponding nontumoral lung tissues in 12 patients. The following enzymes were assayed by Western blot analysis:(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450)-dependent metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid (atRA) is important for the expression of its biological activity. Because the human P450s involved in the formation of the principal atRA metabolites have been only partially identified, the purpose of this study was to identify the human P450s involved in atRA metabolism. The use of(More)
Flavone acetic acid (FAA) is a new antitumor agent with broad activity against transplantable solid tumors of mice but with only scant or no activity against leukemias and lymphomas. The technique of alkaline elution was used to study DNA lesions in s.c. implanted Glasgow osteogenic sarcoma in C57BL/6 x DBA/2 F1 mice treated i.v. with FAA. At efficacious(More)
In an attempt to better understand breast tumors sensitivity or resistance to anticancer drugs, the main drug-metabolizing enzyme systems were evaluated in both breast tumors and their corresponding peritumoral tissues in 12 patients. The following enzymes were assayed by Western blot: cytochromes P-450 (1A1/A2, 2B1/B2, 2C8-10, 2E1, 3A4); glutathione(More)