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The first discovery that interleukin-4 (IL-4) is crucial in the development of allergic airway inflammation originates from the early 1990s. Whereas initial studies in experimental animal models provided the community with the optimistic view that targeting IL-4 would be the ultimate solution for treating asthma, the translation of these findings to the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases. We investigated whether Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is implicated in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced pulmonary inflammation in a murine model of COPD. METHODS C3H/HeOuJ (Tlr4(WT)) and C3H/HeJ(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe asthma are at increased risk of exacerbations and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Severe asthma is heterogeneous, encompassing eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic (mainly neutrophilic) phenotypes. Patients with neutropilic airway diseases may benefit from macrolides. METHODS We performed a randomised double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND Some patients with severe asthma have frequent exacerbations associated with persistent eosinophilic inflammation despite continuous treatment with high-dose inhaled glucocorticoids with or without oral glucocorticoids. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, double-dummy study, we assigned 576 patients with recurrent asthma exacerbations and(More)
Spirometric measures of lung function are heritable traits that reflect respiratory health and predict morbidity and mortality. We meta-analyzed genome-wide association studies for two clinically important lung-function measures: forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV(1)) and its ratio to forced vital capacity (FEV(1)/FVC), an indicator of(More)
UNLABELLED The Belgian severe asthma registry is a web-based registry encompassing demographic, clinical, functional and inflammatory data of severe asthmatics (SA), aiming at improving awareness, knowledge on its natural history and subphenotypes, and offering tools to optimize care of this asthma population. METHODS The cross-sectional analyses of this(More)
RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation. It is unclear if dendritic cells (DC) participate in this inflammatory process. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the presence of DC in small airways of patients with COPD. METHODS We evaluated DC infiltration in small airways by immunohistochemistry in patients(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is mainly caused by cigarette smoking, and is characterized by an increase in inflammatory cells in the airways and pulmonary tissue. The chemokine receptor CCR6 and its ligand MIP-3alpha/CCL20 may be involved in the recruitment of these inflammatory cells. To investigate the role of CCR6 in the pathogenesis of(More)
BACKGROUND Several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In mice, MMP-12 plays a crucial role in the development of cigarette smoke induced emphysema. A study was undertaken to investigate the role of MMP-12 in the development of COPD in human smokers. METHODS Induced sputum(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the 16- and 52-week effectiveness of add-on omalizumab treatment under real-life heterogeneity in patients, settings, and physicians in an open-label, multicenter, pharmaco-epidemiologic study of patients with severe persistent allergic asthma in Belgium. METHODS Effectiveness outcomes included improvement in 2005 global initiative(More)