Guy F. Brisseau

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Osteoclasts resorb bone by secreting protons into an extracellular resorption zone through vacuolar-type proton pumps located in the ruffled border. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether proton pumps also contribute to intracellular pH (pHi) regulation. Fluorescence imaging and photometry, and electrophysiological methods were used to(More)
Proton extrusion into an extracellular resorption compartment is an essential component of bone degradation by osteoclasts. Chronic metabolic acidosis is known to induce negative calcium balance and bone loss by stimulating osteoclastic bone resorption, but the underlying mechanism is not known. The present studies were undertaken to evaluate whether(More)
Na+/H+ exchange in vertebrates is thought to be electroneutral and insensitive to the membrane voltage. This basic concept has been challenged by recent reports of antiport-associated currents in the turtle colon epithelium (Post and Dawson, 1992, 1994). To determine the electrogenicity of mammalian antiporters, we used the whole-cell patch clamp technique(More)
Tissue factor (TF) expression by cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage represents an important mechanism underlying the initiation of fibrin deposition at sites of extravascular inflammation. Recent evidence suggests a role for oxidant stress in the signalling pathway of various cell types by virtue of its ability to induce DNA binding of various(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The tradition of learning from mentors is a unique aspect of surgical training. With this in mind, the authors sought to document our roots by analyzing the technical variability of how pediatric surgeons perform their most frequent operation, the inguinal hernia, and compare these data with the original description by Drs William Ladd(More)
The authors report a case of an 11-year-old girl with a solitary, congenital pancreatic cyst and review the literature. Such cysts are very rare and typically are diagnosed in childhood. As a neonate, this patient's paternal half brother also had undergone resection of a congenital pancreatic cyst. The authors believe this is the first documented familial(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to develop new nonoperative strategies for the management of meconium ileus in an attempt to improve on the current unacceptable failure rate. METHODS Mice were constipated with subcutaneous morphine injection. Each then received an enema solution (perflubron, surfactant, Tween-80, Gastrografin, Golytely, DNase,(More)
BACKGROUND The etiopathogenesis of pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and its relationship to congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) remain controversial. Our recent analysis indicates that both the co-incidental occurrence and the outcome of PPB among CCAM patients are significant. We report here on our efforts to determine clinical and radiological(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) remains a mystery. Some suspected risk factors include birth rank, maternal age, sex, family history and monozygosity in twins. Various theories attempt to explain the etiology of IHPS. Scientific research suggests that enteric neuronal damage and nitric oxide synthase dysfunction may(More)