Guy Duval-Valentin

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The bacterial insertion sequence IS911 transposes via a covalently closed circular intermediate. Circle formation involves transposase-mediated pairing of both insertion sequence ends. While full-length transposase, OrfAB, binds poorly in vitro to IS911 DNA fragments carrying a copy of the IS911 end, truncated protein derivatives carrying the first 135(More)
Studies of several transposable genetic elements have pinpointed the importance of the transpososome, a nucleoprotein complex involving the transposon ends and a transposon-encoded enzyme--the transposase--as a key in regulating transposition. Transpososomes provide a precise architecture within which the chemical reactions involved in transposon(More)
The transposase of IS911, a member of the IS3 family of bacterial insertion sequences, is composed of a catalytic domain located at its C-terminal end and a DNA binding domain located at its N-terminal end. Analysis of the transposases of over 60 members of the IS3 family revealed the presence of a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif within the N-terminal region.(More)
The interaction between E. coli RNA polymerase and the tetR promoter from pSC101, was studied by protection and premodification experiments, using dimethyl sulfate, methylation of single stranded cytosines, and DNAase I footprinting. Whereas qualitative and quantitative results from the chemical approach conform to patterns already displayed by other(More)
Movement of transposable elements is often accompanied by replication to ensure their proliferation. Replication is associated with both major classes of transposition mechanisms: cut-and-paste and cointegrate formation (paste-and-copy). Cut-and-paste transposition is often activated by replication of the transposon, while in cointegrate formation(More)
IS911 transposition involves a free circular transposon intermediate where the terminal inverted repeat sequences are connected. Transposase synthesis is usually driven by a weak promoter, p(IRL), in the left end (IRL). Circle junction formation creates a strong promoter, p(junc), with a -35 sequence located in the right end and the -10 sequence in the(More)
The gram-negative marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas atlantica produces extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) that is important in biofilm formation by this bacterium. Insertion and precise excision of IS492 at a locus essential for extracellular polysaccharide production (eps) controls phase variation of EPS production in P. atlantica. Examination of IS492(More)
Transposable elements are important in genome dynamics and evolution. Bacterial insertion sequences (IS) constitute a major group in number and impact. Understanding their role in shaping genomes requires knowledge of how their transposition activity is regulated and interfaced with the host cell. One IS regulatory phenomenon is a preference of their(More)
Triple helix formation requires a polypurine- polypyrimidine sequence in the target DNA. Recent works have shown that this constraint can be circumvented by using alternate strand triplex-forming oligonucleotides. We have previously demonstrated that (T,G)-containing triplex- forming oligonucleotides may adopt a parallel or an antiparallel orientation with(More)
A 13-residue alpha-anomeric oligonucleotide [alpha-5'-d(GGGCGTCCTCCTT)3'], 5'-substituted with a psoralen derivative, Pso-alpha-13 psoralen linked to the 5' end of an alpha-anomeric n-residue oligonucleotide, was targeted to the acceptor splice junction of Herpes simplex virus type-1 immediate-early pre-mRNA species 22 and 47. Inhibition of viral growth was(More)