Guy Duval-Valentin

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Studies of several transposable genetic elements have pinpointed the importance of the transpososome, a nucleoprotein complex involving the transposon ends and a transposon-encoded enzyme--the transposase--as a key in regulating transposition. Transpososomes provide a precise architecture within which the chemical reactions involved in transposon(More)
IS911 transposition involves a free circular transposon intermediate where the terminal inverted repeat sequences are connected. Transposase synthesis is usually driven by a weak promoter, p(IRL), in the left end (IRL). Circle junction formation creates a strong promoter, p(junc), with a -35 sequence located in the right end and the -10 sequence in the(More)
A triple helix is formed upon binding of an oligodeoxynucleotide to the major groove of duplex DNA. A benzo[e]pyridoindole derivative (BePI) strongly stabilized this structure and showed preferential binding to a triplex rather than to a duplex. Energy transfer experiments suggest that BePI intercalates within the triple helix. Sequence-specific inhibition(More)
The interaction between E. coli RNA polymerase and the tetR promoter from pSC101, was studied by protection and premodification experiments, using dimethyl sulfate, methylation of single stranded cytosines, and DNAase I footprinting. Whereas qualitative and quantitative results from the chemical approach conform to patterns already displayed by other(More)
The bacterial insertion sequence IS911 transposes via a covalently closed circular intermediate. Circle formation involves transposase-mediated pairing of both insertion sequence ends. While full-length transposase, OrfAB, binds poorly in vitro to IS911 DNA fragments carrying a copy of the IS911 end, truncated protein derivatives carrying the first 135(More)
Movement of transposable elements is often accompanied by replication to ensure their proliferation. Replication is associated with both major classes of transposition mechanisms: cut-and-paste and cointegrate formation (paste-and-copy). Cut-and-paste transposition is often activated by replication of the transposon, while in cointegrate formation(More)
Homopyrimidine oligonucleotides bind to the major groove of a complementary homopyrimidine.homopurine stretch by triple helix formation. The bla gene from transposon Tn3 contains a homopyrimidine.homopurine sequence of 13 base pairs located just downstream of the RNA polymerase binding site. A 13-mer homopyrimidine oligonucleotide targeted to this sequence(More)
The gram-negative marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas atlantica produces extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) that is important in biofilm formation by this bacterium. Insertion and precise excision of IS492 at a locus essential for extracellular polysaccharide production (eps) controls phase variation of EPS production in P. atlantica. Examination of IS492(More)
The transposase of IS911, a member of the IS3 family of bacterial insertion sequences, is composed of a catalytic domain located at its C-terminal end and a DNA binding domain located at its N-terminal end. Analysis of the transposases of over 60 members of the IS3 family revealed the presence of a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif within the N-terminal region.(More)
Oligodeoxynucleotides containing G and T can bind to homopurine.homopyrimidine sequences on double-stranded DNA by forming C.G x G and T.A x T base triplets. The orientation of the third strand in such triple helices depends on the number of GpT and TpG steps. Therefore a single oligonucleotide can be designed to bind to two consecutive(More)