Guy Decaux

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Arginine-vasopressin is a hormone that plays an important part in circulatory and water homoeostasis. The three arginine-vasopressin-receptor subtypes--V1a, V1b, and V2--all belong to the large rhodopsin-like G-protein-coupled receptor family. The vaptans are orally and intravenously active non-peptide vasopressin receptor antagonists that are in(More)
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/L, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. Hyponatraemia is present in 15-20% of emergency admissions to hospital and occurs in up to 20% of critically ill patients. Symptomatology may vary from subtle to severe or even life(More)
Brain myelinolysis complicates excessive correction of chronic hyponatremia in man. Myelinolysis appear in rats for correction levels deltaSNa) > 20 mEq/l/24 h. We previously showed in rats that when chronic hyponatremia was corrected with urea, the incidence and the severity of brain lesions were significantly reduced compared to hypertonic saline. In man,(More)
Brain myelinolysis could develop after excessive correction (delta SNa > 20-25 mEq/1/24 hour [h]) of chronic hyponatremia; however, this neurological event is not recognized as a complication of hypernatremia when arising from a normonatremic baseline. Previous animal studies were unable to reproduce these brain lesions in hypernatremia after acute increase(More)
Abrupt osmotic changes during rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia result in demyelinative brain lesions, but the sequence of events linking rapid osmotic changes to myelin loss is not yet understood. Here, in a rat model of osmotic demyelination syndrome, we found that massive astrocyte death occurred after rapid correction of hyponatremia, delineating(More)
Brain myelinolysis occurs after excessive correction (delta SNa > 20 mEq/1/24 hours) of chronic hyponatremia. However, we showed recently that the mechanisms leading to brain myelinolysis remain reversible. Indeed, reinduction of the hyponatremia by water administration despite 12 hours of sustained excessive correction could prevent the development of(More)
In a patient presenting bilateral sensory neuropathy, sequential involvement of the two sides of the face with spontaneous recovery on the initially altered side is a peculiar feature which emphasizes the benign character of this unusual condition. Provided that repeated clinical evaluation discloses no underlying pathological process, sensory trigeminal(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyponatremia in the intensive care unit (ICU) is most commonly related to inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Fluid restriction is difficult to apply in these patients. We wanted to report the treatment of hyponatremia with urea in these patients. METHODS Two groups of patients are reported. The first one is represented(More)
Three cases of central nervous system complications of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections are reported. There were several atypical findings: the first patient presented with an acute disseminated encephalitis with normal cerebrospinal fluid and hypogammaglobulinaemia. The second patient presented with a left sixth nerve palsy followed six weeks later by(More)
Osmotic demyelination syndrome is a devastating neurologic condition that occurs after rapid correction of serum sodium in patients with hyponatremia. Pathologic features of this injury include a well-demarcated region of myelin loss, a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier, and infiltration of microglia. The semisynthetic tetracycline minocycline is(More)