Guy Decaux

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Arginine-vasopressin is a hormone that plays an important part in circulatory and water homoeostasis. The three arginine-vasopressin-receptor subtypes--V1a, V1b, and V2--all belong to the large rhodopsin-like G-protein-coupled receptor family. The vaptans are orally and intravenously active non-peptide vasopressin receptor antagonists that are in(More)
Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/L, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. Hyponatraemia is present in 15-20% of emergency admissions to hospital and occurs in up to 20% of critically ill patients. Symptomatology may vary from subtle to severe or even life(More)
Brain myelinolysis complicates excessive correction of chronic hyponatremia in man. Myelinolysis appear in rats for correction levels deltaSNa) > 20 mEq/l/24 h. We previously showed in rats that when chronic hyponatremia was corrected with urea, the incidence and the severity of brain lesions were significantly reduced compared to hypertonic saline. In man,(More)
Brain myelinolysis could develop after excessive correction (delta SNa > 20-25 mEq/1/24 hour [h]) of chronic hyponatremia; however, this neurological event is not recognized as a complication of hypernatremia when arising from a normonatremic baseline. Previous animal studies were unable to reproduce these brain lesions in hypernatremia after acute increase(More)
Calcium and vitamin D metabolism were evaluated in 5 adult epileptic patients before and during treatment with phenytoin. Significant decreases occurred in serum concentrations of calcium, albumin, and 25-hydroxy-cholecalciferol. The decreases in serum calcium paralleled those in serum albumin. Significant increases occurred in serum alkaline phosphatase(More)
Abrupt osmotic changes during rapid correction of chronic hyponatremia result in demyelinative brain lesions, but the sequence of events linking rapid osmotic changes to myelin loss is not yet understood. Here, in a rat model of osmotic demyelination syndrome, we found that massive astrocyte death occurred after rapid correction of hyponatremia, delineating(More)
Brain myelinolysis occurs after excessive correction (delta SNa > 20 mEq/1/24 hours) of chronic hyponatremia. However, we showed recently that the mechanisms leading to brain myelinolysis remain reversible. Indeed, reinduction of the hyponatremia by water administration despite 12 hours of sustained excessive correction could prevent the development of(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyponatremia in the intensive care unit (ICU) is most commonly related to inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Fluid restriction is difficult to apply in these patients. We wanted to report the treatment of hyponatremia with urea in these patients. METHODS Two groups of patients are reported. The first one is represented(More)
BACKGROUND Brain damage (myelinolysis) develops in hyponatraemia after a large increase in serum sodium regardless of the currently available methods of correction. However, a preliminary study suggests that treatment of hyponatraemia with urea limits the risks of brain lesions in rats. Benefits of sustained high blood levels of urea and mechanisms of(More)
The efficacy of oral urea in producing a sufficiently high osmotic diuresis was tested in seven patients with the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. In all patients urea corrected the hyponatraemia despite a normal fluid intake. Five patients were controlled (serum sodium concentration greater than 128 mmol(mEq)/1) with a dose of(More)