Guy Dandrifosse

Learn More
Cultures of enterocytes and colonocytes represent valuable tools to study growth and differentiation of epithelial cells. In vitro models may be used to evaluate passage or toxicity of drugs, interactions of enteropathogenes bacteria strains with intestinal epithelium and other physiologic or pathologic phenomenon involving the digestive tract. Cultures of(More)
In the present study, we aimed to induce precocious intestinal maturation in neonatal rats by the oral administration of polyamines. Groups of 5 rats received either saline, spermidine (10 mumol daily), or spermine (6 mumol daily) orally on the 12th, 13th, and 14th postnatal days. The rats were killed on the 15th postnatal day. After the small bowel was(More)
Insufficient polyamine intake could play a role in the induction of sensitization to dietary allergens. This proposal is based essentially on investigations made in sucking rats and in children. In sucking rats it has been established that oral administration of spermine can induce all the modifications occurring in the digestive tract at weaning. In the(More)
In suckling rats, it has been established that oral administration of spermine, a dietary polyamine, at appropriate doses, induces all the modifications in the digestive tract that occur at weaning, namely, (a) in the intestine: variations in the specific activities of disaccharidases and peptidases, gene expression, the level of receptors to polymeric(More)
The analysis of thiamine and thiamine phosphates by high-performance liquid chromatography owes its high sensitivity to the fluorescent derivatives or thiochromes obtained by chemical oxidation in alkaline medium. The possibility of performing precolumn oxidation with potassium ferricyanide instead of using the hazardous cyanogen bromide has been(More)
Biogenic amines were determined by HPLC in four beer types. In spontaneously fermented beers (SF beers), the amounts of vasoactive amines reached high levels, namely a mean value (1) above 20 mg/l for tyramine and (2) close to 10 mg/l for histamine. Considering the bacterial origin of these amines, we established a calculation formula for a Beer biogenic(More)
ABSTRACT: The polyamine concentration in rat milk and food, human milk, and infant formulas was estimated by HPLC. In rat milk, the concentration of putrescine and spermine was low (generally under 2.5 nmol.mL−1 for putrescine and under 1 nmol.mL−1 for spermine). The spermidine concentration was higher and seemed to increase during lactation. The rat food(More)
The present investigation addresses the question of whether spermine orally given to unweaned rats directly or indirectly exerts its effects on the intestinal brush border disaccharidases and if the adrenal gland secretions play a role in this phenomenon. The results showed that spermine, surgically placed in the lower part of the distal small intestine,(More)
OBJECTIVES Polyamines are of great importance in biologic processes such as cell proliferation and differentiation. The ingestion of spermidine or spermine by suckling rats induces the precocious maturation of the small intestine. In a previous article, the authors hypothesized that this phenomenon could be mediated by interleukins. This work was performed(More)