Guy Cloutier

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The goal of this work is to perform a segmentation of the intimamedia thickness (IMT) of carotid arteries in view of computing various dynamical properties of that tissue, such as the elasticity distribution (elastogram). The echogenicity of a region of interest comprising the intima-media layers, the lumen, and the adventitia in an ultrasonic B-mode image(More)
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a catheter based medical imaging technique particularly useful for studying atherosclerotic disease. It produces cross-sectional images of blood vessels that provide quantitative assessment of the vascular wall, information about the nature of atherosclerotic lesions as well as plaque shape and size. Automatic processing(More)
While an increasing amount of evidence demonstrates the homeostatic functions of the cardiac oxytocin (OT) system, less is known about the role of this hormone in the injured heart. The current study examined the effect of OT infusion on cell apoptosis, expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and inflammation in the acute and subacute phases(More)
This paper describes an evaluation framework that allows a standardized and quantitative comparison of IVUS lumen and media segmentation algorithms. This framework has been introduced at the MICCAI 2011 Computing and Visualization for (Intra)Vascular Imaging (CVII) workshop, comparing the results of eight teams that participated. We describe the available(More)
The goal of this work is to perform a segmentation of atherosclerotic plaques in view of evaluating their burden and to provide boundaries for computing properties such as the plaque deformation and elasticity distribution (elastogram and modulogram). The echogenicity of a region of interest comprising the plaque, the vessel lumen, and the adventitia of the(More)
Tissue-mimicking phantoms are very useful in the field of tissue characterization and essential in elastography for the purpose of validating motion estimators. This study is dedicated to the characterization of polyvinyl alcohol cryogel (PVA-C) for these types of applications. A strict fabrication procedure was defined to optimize the reproducibility of(More)
To study the shear-thinning rheological behavior of blood, an acoustical measurement of the erythrocyte aggregation level can be obtained by analyzing the frequency dependence of ultrasonic backscattering from blood. However, the relation that exists among the variables describing the aggregation level and the backscattering coefficient needs to be better(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of ultrasound and MR elastography, including a glossary of relevant terminology, a classification of elastography techniques, and a discussion of their respective strengths and limitations. CONCLUSION Elastography is an emerging technique for the noninvasive assessment of mechanical tissue(More)
Previous studies of ultrasonic scattering properties of blood using a pulse-echo experimental arrangement show that ultrasonic backscatter from blood is influenced by a number of factors including hematocrit, shear rate, and the nature of flow (J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol. 75, p. 1265, 1984 and J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol. 84, p. 1, 1988). Since the Doppler(More)
In ultrasound imaging, various statistical distributions have been proposed to model the first-order statistics of the amplitude of the echo envelope. We present an overview of these distributions based on their compound representation, which comprises three aspects: the modulated distribution (Rice or Nakagami); the modulating distribution (gamma, inverse(More)