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Salinity and its variations are among the key factors that affect survival, metabolism and distribution during the fish development. The successful establishment of a fish species in a given habitat depends on the ability of each developmental stage to cope with salinity through osmoregulation. It is well established that adult teleosts maintain their blood(More)
Osmoregulation was studied during the postembryonic development of Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz 1823 in juvenile stages 1-8 and in adults. Juveniles hatch and later stages develop in freshwater or in moderately saline waters. The time of acclimation from freshwater to a saline medium increased from early juveniles to adults. At all stages, it was(More)
Adaptations to salinity are reviewed throughout development in both species of the genus Homarus. Some populations of homarid lobsters are known to inhabit coastal and estuarine areas where salinity fluctuates. Salinity tolerance varies during development, with 50 % lethal salinities (LS(50)) ranging from approximately 15-17 in larvae to approximately 12(More)
The ontogeny of the antennal glands was studied during the embryonic and post-embryonic development of Astacus leptodactylus. The future glands arising from undifferentiated columnar cells were detectable at the metanauplius stage EI 150 μm (EI: eye index; approximately 440 μm at hatching). The tubule and labyrinth differentiated in embryos at EI 190 μm,(More)
Sea-bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) grow under different salinity regimes, from the open sea to lagoons and even rivers, but some mortality has been recorded in juvenile stages when exposed to low salinity water. Changes in water permeability of different osmoregulatory tissues could be the cause of reduction in blood osmotic pressure and death in some fish in(More)
Euryhaline fish possess the ability to compensate for environmental salinity changes through hydro-mineral regulation. A number of proteins have been studied in order to understand water and ion exchanges, known as fish osmoregulation. Sea-bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) cDNA sequences encoding a homologue of mammalian aquaporin (termed AQP1) and a homologue of(More)
Osmoregulation was studied throughout the embryonic development of Astacus leptodactylus. Egg-carrying females were held in freshwater (FW) and in three dilute seawater media (200, 400, 600 mosm kg(-1), 6.8, 13.6, 20.4 per thousand salinity). In FW, changes in peri-embryonic fluid (PEF) and (when available) embryonic hemolymph osmolality were followed from(More)
Total extracts of sinus glands (SG) of the euryhaline grapsid crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus contain peptidic factor(s) that stimulate osmoregulatory processes in isolated and perfused posterior gills from crabs acclimated to dilute seawater. This study investigated the nature of the active factor(s). Separation of P. marmoratus SG peptides by reverse-phase(More)
European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) are euryhaline fish that tolerate wide salinity fluctuations owing to several morphofunctional adaptations. Among the osmoregulatory sites (tegument, branchial chambers, digestive tract, urinary system), little is known about the kidney and the urinary bladder. The present study describes the ontogeny of the urinary(More)