Guy Charmantier

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Euryhaline fish possess the ability to compensate for environmental salinity changes through hydro-mineral regulation. A number of proteins have been studied in order to understand water and ion exchanges, known as fish osmoregulation. Sea-bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) cDNA sequences encoding a homologue of mammalian aquaporin (termed AQP1) and a homologue of(More)
C. HAOND1,2, G. FLIK3 AND G. CHARMANTIER1,* 1Laboratoire d’Ecophysiologie des Invertébrés, Université Montpellier II, place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France, 2Station Méditerranéenne de l’Environnement Littoral, Université Montpellier II, 1 quai de la Dorade, 34200 Sète, France and 3Department of Animal Physiology, University of Nijmegen,(More)
Salinity and its variations are among the key factors that affect survival, metabolism and distribution during the fish development. The successful establishment of a fish species in a given habitat depends on the ability of each developmental stage to cope with salinity through osmoregulation. It is well established that adult teleosts maintain their blood(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cadmium on physiological and behavioural responses in Gammarus pulex. In a first experiment, cadmium LC50s for different times were evaluated in 264 h experiment under continuous mode of exposure (LC50(96 h)=82.1 microgL(-1), LC50(120 h)=37.1 microgL(-1), LC50(168 h)=21.6 microgL(-1), LC50(264 h)=10.5(More)
The grapsid crab Chasmagnathus granulata populates brackish-water lagoons and other estuarine environments. In its reproduction, this species follows a strategy of larval export, i.e. its larvae live under different salinity conditions from the juveniles and adults. In the present experimental investigation, ontogenetic changes in the capability for(More)
Adaptations to salinity are reviewed throughout development in both species of the genus Homarus. Some populations of homarid lobsters are known to inhabit coastal and estuarine areas where salinity fluctuates. Salinity tolerance varies during development, with 50 % lethal salinities (LS(50)) ranging from approximately 15-17 in larvae to approximately 12(More)
Branchial chloride cells (CC) were studied in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) maintained in seawater (SW: 35 per thousand) or gradually adapted to and subsequently maintained in fresh water (0.2 per thousand) or doubly concentrated seawater (DSW: 70 per thousand). Changes were observed in the location, number, and structure of CCs, that were discriminated(More)
The ontogeny of the antennal glands was studied during the embryonic and post-embryonic development of Astacus leptodactylus. The future glands arising from undifferentiated columnar cells were detectable at the metanauplius stage EI 150 μm (EI: eye index; approximately 440 μm at hatching). The tubule and labyrinth differentiated in embryos at EI 190 μm,(More)
Total extracts of sinus glands (SG) of the euryhaline grapsid crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus contain peptidic factor(s) that stimulate osmoregulatory processes in isolated and perfused posterior gills from crabs acclimated to dilute seawater. This study investigated the nature of the active factor(s). Separation of P. marmoratus SG peptides by reverse-phase(More)
The expression and localization of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) were determined in four osmoregulatory tissues during the ontogeny of the sea-bass Dicentrarchus labrax acclimated to fresh water and sea water. At hatch in sea water, immunolocalization showed an apical CFTR in the digestive tract and integumental ionocytes.(More)