Guy Barrington Marks

Learn More
BACKGROUND Reliable and timely information on the leading causes of death in populations, and how these are changing, is a crucial input into health policy debates. In the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010), we aimed to estimate annual deaths for the world and 21 regions between 1980 and 2010 for 235 causes, with(More)
BACKGROUND Measuring disease and injury burden in populations requires a composite metric that captures both premature mortality and the prevalence and severity of ill-health. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study proposed disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to measure disease burden. No comprehensive update of disease burden worldwide incorporating a(More)
BACKGROUND Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have been the only studies to quantify non-fatal health outcomes across an exhaustive set of disorders at the global and regional(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and accurate estimates of the prevalence of this disease are needed to anticipate the future burden of COPD, target key risk factors, and plan for providing COPD-related health services. We aimed to measure the prevalence of COPD and its risk(More)
Investigation of contacts of patients with tuberculosis (TB) is a priority for TB control in high-income countries, and is increasingly being considered in resource-limited settings. This review was commissioned for a World Health Organization Expert Panel to develop global contact investigation guidelines. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis(More)
A 20-item self-administered questionnaire with Likert scale responses was developed to measure quality of life in adult subjects with asthma. A total scale score together with subscale scores for breathlessness, mood disturbance, social disruption and concerns for health were calculated by addition of item scores. Items for the scale were selected by(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled hypertonic saline acutely increases mucociliary clearance and, in short-term trials, improves lung function in people with cystic fibrosis. We tested the safety and efficacy of inhaled hypertonic saline in a long-term trial. METHODS In this double-blind, parallel-group trial, 164 patients with stable cystic fibrosis who were at least(More)
RATIONALE Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy are commonly used to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Differences in efficacy and compliance of these treatments are likely to influence improvements in health outcomes. OBJECTIVES To compare health effects after 1 month of optimal CPAP and MAD therapy(More)
RATIONALE Genetic variation influences susceptibility to clinical tuberculosis (TB). Activation of the P2X(7) receptor on human macrophages induces killing of mycobacteria. We have identified polymorphisms in the P2X(7) gene that markedly reduce this killing. OBJECTIVE To determine if polymorphisms in P2X7 are associated with increased risk of TB, the(More)