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In addition to showing differences in the levels of contractile proteins and metabolic enzymes, fast and slow muscles also differ in their expression profile of structural and synaptic proteins. Because utrophin is a structural protein expressed at the neuromuscular junction, we hypothesize that its expression may be different between fast and slow muscles.(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most prevalent inherited muscle disease and results from mutations/deletions in the X-linked dystrophin gene. Although several approaches have been envisaged to counteract the effects of this progressive disease, there is currently no cure available. One strategy consists in utilizing a protein normally expressed in(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is required for efficient skeletal-muscle regeneration and perturbing its expression causes abnormalities in the proliferation and differentiation of skeletal muscle cells. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of BDNF suppression that occurs during myogenic differentiation. BDNF is expressed at the mRNA level(More)
We examined the role of post-transcriptional mechanisms in controlling utrophin A mRNA expression in slow versus fast skeletal muscles. First, we determined that the half-life of utrophin A mRNA is significantly shorter in the presence of proteins isolated from fast muscles. Direct plasmid injection experiments using reporter constructs containing the(More)
Expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is greatly enhanced during neuronal differentiation, but the nature of the molecular mechanisms remains to be fully defined. In this study, we observed that nerve growth factor treatment of PC12 cells leads to a progressive increase in the expression of AChE transcripts, reaching approximately 3.5-fold by 72 h.(More)
In this study, we have sought to determine whether utrophin transcripts are targeted to a distinct subcellular compartment in skeletal muscle cells, and have examined the role of the 3' untranslated region (UTR) in regulating the stability and localization of utrophin transcripts. Our results show that utrophin transcripts associate preferentially with(More)
During myogenic differentiation, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) transcript levels are known to increase dramatically. Although this increase can be attributed in part to increased transcriptional activity, posttranscriptional mechanisms have also been implicated in the high levels of AChE mRNA in myotubes. In this study, we observed that transfection of a(More)
A therapeutic strategy to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) involves identifying compounds that can elevate utrophin A expression in muscle fibers of affected patients. The dystrophin homologue utrophin A can functionally substitute for dystrophin when its levels are enhanced in the mdx mouse model of DMD. Utrophin A expression in skeletal muscle is(More)
In myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), dystrophia myotonica protein kinase messenger ribonucleic acids (RNAs; mRNAs) with expanded CUG repeats (CUG(exp)) aggregate in the nucleus and become toxic to cells by sequestering and/or misregulating RNA-binding proteins, resulting in aberrant alternative splicing. In this paper, we find that the RNA-binding protein(More)
We examined whether calcineurin-NFAT (nuclear factors of activated T cells) signaling plays a role in specifically directing the expression of utrophin in the synaptic compartment of muscle fibers. Immunofluorescence experiments revealed the accumulation of components of the calcineurin-NFAT signaling cascade within the postsynaptic membrane domain of the(More)