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—This paper presents a new blind equalization algorithm called multimodulus algorithm (MMA). This algorithm combines the benefits of the well-known reduced constellation algorithm (RCA) and constant modulus algorithm (CMA). In addition , MMA provides more flexibility than RCA and CMA, and is better suited to take advantage of the symbol statistics of(More)
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a powerful tool for monitoring brain functional activities. Due to its non-invasive and non-restraining nature, fNIRS has found broad applications in brain functional studies. However, for fNIRS to work well, it is important to reduce its sensitivity to motion artifacts. We propose a new wavelet-based method(More)
This paper reports on a novel method for quantifying the cortical activity of a patient during general anesthesia as a surrogate measure of the patient's level of consciousness. The proposed technique is based on the analysis of a single-channel (frontal) electroencephalogram (EEG) signal using stationary wavelet transform (SWT). The wavelet coefficients(More)
Blood pressure measurement is performed either invasively by an intra arterial catheter or noninvasively by cuff sphygmomanometry. The invasive method is continuous and accurate but has increased risk; the cuff is safe but less reliable and infrequent. A reliable continuous noninvasive blood pressure measurement is highly desirable. While the possibility of(More)
We present a novel method for estimating respiratory rate in real time from the photoplethysmogram (PPG) obtained from pulse oximetry. Three respiratory-induced variations (frequency, intensity, and amplitude) are extracted from the PPG using the Incremental-Merge Segmentation algorithm. Frequency content of each respiratory-induced variation is analyzed(More)
— This article reports on the development and implementation of an algorithm for the design of spatially-distributed feedback controllers for the wide variety of physical processes that are included in cross-directional control of industrial paper machines. The spatial and temporal structure of this class of process models is exploited in the use of the(More)
Pulse oximeters non-invasively measure heart rate and oxygen saturation and have great potential for predicting critical illness. The photoplethysmogram (PPG) recorded from pulse oximetry is often corrupted with artifacts. These artifacts render the derived vital signs inaccurate.
OBJECTIVES The objective of this paper is to assess the suitability of brain function monitors for use in closed-loop anesthesia or sedation delivery. In such systems, monitors used as feedback sensors should preferably be Linear and Time Invariant (LTI) in order to limit sensor-induced uncertainty which can cause degraded performance. In this paper, we(More)