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—This paper presents a new blind equalization algorithm called multimodulus algorithm (MMA). This algorithm combines the benefits of the well-known reduced constellation algorithm (RCA) and constant modulus algorithm (CMA). In addition , MMA provides more flexibility than RCA and CMA, and is better suited to take advantage of the symbol statistics of(More)
Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a powerful tool for monitoring brain functional activities. Due to its non-invasive and non-restraining nature, fNIRS has found broad applications in brain functional studies. However, for fNIRS to work well, it is important to reduce its sensitivity to motion artifacts. We propose a new wavelet-based method(More)
This paper reports on a novel method for quantifying the cortical activity of a patient during general anesthesia as a surrogate measure of the patient's level of consciousness. The proposed technique is based on the analysis of a single-channel (frontal) electroencephalogram (EEG) signal using stationary wavelet transform (SWT). The wavelet coefficients(More)
— This article reports on the development and implementation of an algorithm for the design of spatially-distributed feedback controllers for the wide variety of physical processes that are included in cross-directional control of industrial paper machines. The spatial and temporal structure of this class of process models is exploited in the use of the(More)
We present a novel method for estimating respiratory rate in real time from the photoplethysmogram (PPG) obtained from pulse oximetry. Three respiratory-induced variations (frequency, intensity, and amplitude) are extracted from the PPG using the Incremental-Merge Segmentation algorithm. Frequency content of each respiratory-induced variation is analyzed(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this paper is to assess the suitability of brain function monitors for use in closed-loop anesthesia or sedation delivery. In such systems, monitors used as feedback sensors should preferably be Linear and Time Invariant (LTI) in order to limit sensor-induced uncertainty which can cause degraded performance. In this paper, we(More)