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We report here the isolation of a population of non-transformed pluripotent human cells from bone marrow after a unique expansion/selection procedure. This procedure was designed to provide conditions resembling the in vivo microenvironment that is home for the most-primitive stem cells. Marrow-adherent and -nonadherent cells were co-cultured on(More)
We have developed an in vitro system, using embryonic chicken tibiae grown in a serum-free medium, which exhibits simultaneous bone formation and resorption. Tibiae from 8-day embryos increased in mean (+/- SD) length (4.0 +/- 0.4 to 11.0 +/- 0.3 mm) and dry weight (0.30 +/- 0.04 to 0.84 +/- 0.04 mg) during 12 days in vitro. There was increased(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) residing in bone marrow (BM) are the progenitors for osteoblasts and for several other cell types. In humans, the age-related decrease in bone mass could reflect decreased osteoblasts secondary to an age-related loss of osteoprogenitors. To test this hypothesis, BM cells were isolated from vertebral bodies of thoracic and(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppressant therapy is thought to be a major contributor to post-transplant bone disease. Histological data and serum parameters suggest that Cyclosporin A (CsA) treatment causes osteopenia as a result of an altered bone turnover, but the pathogenic mechanisms of this process remain unclear. We investigate if CsA affects cell turnover and(More)
We have investigated signaling (cAMP) and anabolic responses (mineralization of extracellular matrix [ECM]) to parathyroid hormone (PTH) in long-term (30 days) cultures of MC3T3-E1 cells, a murine model of osteoblast differentiation. Expression of PTH/PTH-related peptide receptor (PTH1R) mRNA is detected early and remains relatively constant for 2 weeks(More)
We recently reported the isolation of a unique subpopulation of human stromal cells from bone marrow (BM) termed marrow-isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells, capable of differentiating in vitro into mature-like cells from all three germ layers. The oxygen tension (pO2) in BM ranges from 1 to 7%, which prompted us to examine the role of pO2 in(More)
The presence of gap junctions between osteoblastic cells has been previously reported. For this study we used the rat osteosarcoma cell line UMR 106, which expresses the osteoblastic phenotype, as a model to characterize further the nature, physiology, and regulation of gap junctions. Northern blot analysis identified a 3.0-kilobase RNA species(More)