Guus van Zadelhoff

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Type 1 vanilloid receptors (VR1) have been identified recently in the brain, in which they serve as yet primarily undetermined purposes. The endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) and some of its oxidative metabolites are ligands for VR1, and AEA has been shown to afford protection against ouabain-induced in vivo excitotoxicity, in a manner that is only in part(More)
Human Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein has been purified from the urine of one male. The Asn-linked carbohydrate chains were enzymically released by peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F, and separated from the remaining protein by gel-permeation chromatography on Bio-Gel P-100. Fractionation of the intact (sulfated) sialylated carbohydrate(More)
This study was aimed at finding structural requirements for the interaction of the acyl chain of endocannabinoids with cannabinoid receptors, membrane transporter protein, and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). To this end, the flexibility of the acyl chain was restricted by introduction of an 1-hydroxy-2Z,4E-pentadiene system in anandamide(More)
Anandamide, an endogenous ligand for cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, was incubated with purified 5-lipoxygenases from barley and tomato. This yielded 11S-hydroperoxy-5,8,12,14-eicosatetraenoylethanolamide (11S-HPANA) as major product (about 70%). This is in contrast with the dioxygenation of arachidonic acid, where 5S-HPETE is the major product. This(More)
N-Acylethanolamines (NAEs) constitute a new class of plant lipids and are thought to play a role in plant defense strategies against pathogens. In plant defense systems, oxylipins generated by the lipoxygenase pathway are important actors. To date, it is not known whether plants also use endogeneous oxylipins derived from NAEs in their defense reactions. We(More)
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1) is used widely as a model for studying the structural and functional properties of the homologous family of lipoxygenases. The crystallographic structure revealed that LOX-1 is organized in a beta-sheet N-terminal domain and a larger, mostly helical, C-terminal domain. Here, we describe the overall structural characterization(More)
The family of low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors mediate uptake of a plethora of ligands from the circulation and couple this to signaling, thereby performing a crucial role in physiological processes including embryonic development, cancer development, homeostasis of lipoproteins, viral infection, and neuronal plasticity. Structural integrity of(More)
Circumstellar accretion disks transfer matter from molecular clouds to young stars and to the sites of planet formation. The disks observed around pre-main-sequence stars have properties consistent with those expected for the pre-solar nebula from which our own Solar System formed 4.5 Gyr ago. But the 'debris' disks that encircle more than 15% of nearby(More)
Lipoxygenases are key enzymes in the metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (LOX-1), a paradigm for lipoxygenases isolated from different sources, is composed of two domains: a approximately 30 kDa N-terminal domain and a approximately 60 kDa C-terminal domain. We used limited proteolysis and gel-filtration chromatography to generate(More)
Oxidative stress caused by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) triggers the hypersensitive response of plants to pathogens. Here, short pulses of H2O2 are shown to cause death of lentil (Lens culinaris) root protoplasts. Dead cells showed DNA fragmentation and ladder formation, typical hallmarks of apoptosis (programmed cell death). DNA damage was evident 12 h after(More)