Guttorm Haraldsen

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Lymphocytes that are responsible for regional (tissue-specific) immunity home from the blood to the intestines, inflamed skin or other sites through a multistep process involving recognition of vascular endothelial cells and extravasation. Chemoattractant cytokine molecules known as chemokines regulate this lymphocyte traffic, in part by triggering arrest(More)
Gene-targeted mice have recently revealed a role for lymphocytes and interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) in conferring protection against cancer, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we have characterized a successful primary antitumor immune response initiated by naive CD4+ T cells. Major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II)-negative myeloma cells(More)
Lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid tissue is defined by a multistep sequence of interactions between lymphocytes and endothelial cells in high endothelial venules (HEVs). After initial selectin-mediated tethering and rolling, firm adhesion of lymphocytes requires rapid upregulation of lymphocyte integrin adhesiveness. This step is mediated in part by(More)
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a novel member of the interleukin-1 family that induces mucosal pathology in vivo and may drive fibrosis development and angiogenesis. To address its potential role in inflammatory bowel disease, we explored its tissue expression in biopsy specimens from untreated ulcerative colitis patients, observing a 2.6-fold up-regulation of(More)
The immune system has evolved specialized cellular and molecular mechanisms for targeting and regulating immune responses at epithelial surfaces. Here we show that small intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes and lamina propria lymphocytes migrate to thymus-expressed chemokine (TECK). This attraction is mediated by CC chemokine receptor (CCR)9, a(More)
Endothelial cells (EC) recruit circulating leukocytes to sites of inflammation, partly by expression of endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecules. Whereas the regulation of some adhesion molecules is well characterized in cultured HUVEC, similar data for microvascular human test systems are limited. We studied the cytokine-regulated expression of vascular(More)
The vascular system is locally specialized to accommodate widely varying blood flow and pressure and the distinct needs of individual tissues. The endothelial cells (ECs) that line the lumens of blood and lymphatic vessels play an integral role in the regional specialization of vascular structure and physiology. However, our understanding of EC diversity is(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cytokine production by endothelial cells, has, for practical reasons, been chiefly studied in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) but, because tissue-specific differences apparently exist, the role of human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC) as a source of mucosal cytokines was also assessed. METHODS The(More)
The homeostatic chemokine CXCL13 (also called B cell-attracting chemokine 1 [BCA-1] or B-lymphocyte chemoattractant [BLC]) is constitutively expressed in secondary lymphoid tissue and initiates lymphoid neogenesis when expressed aberrantly in mice. CXCL13 has also been detected in chronic inflammation associated with human lymphoid neogenesis, suggesting a(More)
Lymphocyte homing to secondary lymphoid tissue and lesions of chronic inflammation is directed by multi-step interactions between the circulating cells and the specialized endothelium of high endothelial venules (HEVs). In this study, we used the PCR-based method of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify novel HEV genes by comparing freshly(More)