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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
While the classical pathway of NF-kappaB activation plays critical roles in a wide range of biological processes, the more recently described "non-canonical" NF-kappaB pathway has important but more restricted roles in both normal and pathological processes. The non-canonical NF-kappaB pathway, based on processing of the nf-kappab2 gene product p100 to(More)
The mechanisms by which the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) Tax oncoprotein deregulates cellular signaling for oncogenesis have been extensively studied, but how Tax itself is regulated remains largely unknown. Here we report that Tax was negatively regulated by PDLIM2, which promoted Tax K48-linked polyubiquitination. In addition, PDLIM2(More)
The C-terminal, partially truncated forms of the NF-kappaB2/p52 precursor p100, p100DeltaCs, manifest constitutive processing and oncogenic ability, although the responsible mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we report that p100DeltaCs are specifically processed in association with binding to promoter DNA-containing kappaB sites. In the nucleus, p100DeltaCs(More)
Recent studies have clearly linked nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), a transcription factor that plays a central role in regulating immune and inflammatory responses, to tumor development, progression, and metastasis as well as tumor therapy resistance. However, it still remains largely unknown on how the tightly regulated NF-κB becomes constitutively(More)
Autophagy/macroautophagy is known for its role in cellular homeostasis, development, cell survival, aging, immunity, cancer and neurodegeneration. However, until recently, the mechanisms by which autophagy contributes to these important processes were largely unknown. The demonstration of a direct cross-talk between autophagy and NF-kappaB opens up new(More)
The transcription factor NF-kappaB is known for its function in regulating immune and inflammatory responses. However, recent evidence suggests that NF-kappaB also plays a pivotal role in controlling cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell migration. Deregulated activation of NF-kappaB has been observed in various cancers. Over the past few years.(More)
Fbw7 is a ubiquitin-ligase that targets several oncoproteins for proteolysis, but the full range of Fbw7 substrates is not known. Here we show that by performing quantitative proteomics combined with degron motif searches, we effectively screened for a more complete set of Fbw7 targets. We identify 89 putative Fbw7 substrates, including several(More)
The processing of the nfkappab2 gene product p100 to generate p52 is a regulated event, which is important for the instrumental function of NF-kappaB. We previously demonstrated that this tightly controlled event is regulated positively by NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) and its downstream kinase, IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha). However, the precise(More)
Processing of NF-kappa B2 precursor protein p100 to generate p52 is tightly regulated. However, this proteolytic event could be actively induced by the NF-kappa B-inducing kinase and the human T-cell leukemia virus-encoded oncoprotein Tax or be constitutively turned on due to the loss of the C-terminal portion of p100. Whereas NF-kappa B-inducing(More)