Gustavo del Real

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In this paper we describe a number of immunological parameters for dogs with a chronic Leishmania infantum infection which exhibit patterns of progressive disease or apparent resistance. The outcome of infection was assessed by isolation of parasites, serum antibody titers to Leishmania antigen, and development of clinical signs of leishmaniasis. Our(More)
HIV-1 infection triggers lateral membrane diffusion following interaction of the viral envelope with cell surface receptors. We show that these membrane changes are necessary for infection, as initial gp120-CD4 engagement leads to redistribution and clustering of membrane microdomains, enabling subsequent interaction of this complex with HIV-1 co-receptors.(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infectivity requires actin-dependent clustering of host lipid raft-associated receptors, a process that might be linked to Rho guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activation. Rho GTPase activity can be negatively regulated by statins, a family of drugs used to treat hypercholesterolemia in man. Statins mediate inhibition(More)
The identification of the chemokine receptors as receptors for HIV-1 has boosted interest in these molecules, raising expectations for the development of new strategies to prevent HIV-1 infection. The discovery that chemokines block HIV-1 replication has focused attention on identifying their mechanism of action. Previous studies concluded that this(More)
Twenty-five dogs (beagles) were infected with Leishmania infantum by the intradermal inoculation of an estimated 5-8,000 metacyclic promastigotes harvested from the midguts of 320 experimentally infected P. perniciosus. Details are given of the methods of infecting the flies and harvesting the parasites. All dogs developed small, self-healing chancres at(More)
Protective immunity to leishmaniasis has been demonstrated in murine models to be mediated by T cells and the cytokines they produce. We have previously shown that resistance to experimental Leishmania infantum infection in the dog, a natural host and reservoir of the parasite, is associated with the proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
The chemokines are a growing family of low m.w., 70- to 80-residue proinflammatory cytokines that operate by interacting with G protein-coupled receptors. Chemokines are involved in cell migration and in the activation of specific leukocyte subsets. Using the Mono Mac 1 monocytic cell line, we show that monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) triggers(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection depends on multiple lateral interactions between the viral envelope and host cell receptors. Previous studies have suggested that these interactions are possible because HIV-1 receptors CD4, CXCR4, and CCR5 partition in cholesterol-enriched membrane raft domains. We generated CD4 partitioning mutants by(More)
A heterologous prime-boost vaccination with DNA vectors and vaccinia virus recombinants (VVr) has been shown to enhance specific cellular immune responses and to elicit significant protection against pathogens in animal models. In this study, we have analyzed, in the leishmaniasis cutaneous murine model, the effectiveness of this prime-boost strategy by(More)
UNLABELLED Avian influenza A viruses have gained increasing attention due to their ability to cross the species barrier and cause severe disease in humans and other mammal species as pigs. H3 and particularly H3N8 viruses, are highly adaptive since they are found in multiple avian and mammal hosts. H3N8 viruses have not been isolated yet from humans;(More)