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Most of current concepts for a visual prosthesis are based on neuronal electrical stimulation at different locations along the visual pathways within the central nervous system. The different designs of visual prostheses are named according to their locations (i.e., cortical, optic nerve, subretinal, and epiretinal). Visual loss caused by outer retinal(More)
Sensitive methods are required to record electrical evoked potentials over the visual cortex to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a retinal prosthesis before it can be implanted on the retinal surface of patients afflicted by outer retinal diseases. This study was designed to examine subdural electrodes as a mean to evaluate cortical evoked potentials in(More)
Administration of methylmalonic acid in rats has been used as a model for methylmalonicacidemia in humans. Nestling Wistar rats of both sexes received 5 injections daily at 3-h intervals (starting at 7:30 a.m.) of saline or methylmalonic acid (MMA, 10 mg/ml) in a volume of 9 microliters/g body weight per injection subcutaneously in the lumbar region from(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the case of a primary cerebral fibrosarcoma in a child. CLINICAL CASE A 6-year-old boy presented with a history of headache, drowsiness, vomiting and seizures. He was referred to our institution and died shortly upon arrival to the ER. The autopsy revealed a large left frontoparietal mass with histopathologic features characteristic(More)
AIMS Intraventricular conduction defects (IVCDs) can impair prognosis of heart failure (HF), but their specific impact is not well established. This study aimed to analyse the clinical profile and outcomes of HF patients with LBBB, right bundle branch block (RBBB), left anterior fascicular block (LAFB), and no IVCDs. METHODS AND RESULTS Clinical variables(More)
Primary amebic menigoencephalitis (PAM) is rare. Two cases of PAM in Venezuelan patients are described. Case 1, a 10 year-old male with headache, fever, vomiting. The patient swam in a water reservoir before the onset of his disease. He died during his third hospital day. Case 2, a 23 year-old male with a history of headache, fever, vomiting, drowsiness,(More)
Visual objects identification is a key cognitive process for intelligent virtual agents that evolve in virtual environments. This process allows the elaboration of intern representation of the environment for cognitive manipulation and posterior intelligent response production. There exists many architectures based on memory modules for visual elements(More)
Memory is an important process of human behavior. In particular visual memory encode, store, and retrieve acquired knowledge about the environment. The visual memory system involves different kinds of processes, such as sensory input and short-term visual memory. The model presents a first approach for visual memory recognition that supports the three(More)
Visual attention poses mechanisms for the selection of salient stimuli from visual scenes. The aim of this paper is to model the first phase of a three-phase mechanism of bottom-up visual attention. This phase considers feature-based saliency for attentional deployment. Feature-based saliency is computed by combining two saliences: the first saliency(More)