Gustavo Rocha Leite

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In Brazil, the colonization of human dwellings by triatomines occurs in areas with native vegetation of the caatinga or cerrado types. In areas of Atlantic forest such as in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, there are no species adapted to live in human habitations. The few autochthonous cases of Chagas disease encountered in Espírito Santo have been(More)
Adult specimens of Triatoma vitticeps are frequently captured by residents in rural areas of the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. With aim of determining the natural infection rate of this species, we examined the excrement of 116 wild specimens, captured in 27 municipal districts of the state, after blood meal in chicken and spontaneous excretion. Of(More)
Adults of Triatoma vitticeps infected by flagellates similar to Trypanosoma cruzi are frequently captured by the inhabitants of rural areas in the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo. The dynamics of feeding and defecation were observed in three groups of adult triatomines, consisting of sylvatic T. vitticeps and laboratory-reared specimens of this species(More)
The maned sloth Bradypus torquatus (Pilosa, Bradypodidae) is endemic to a small area in the Atlantic Forest of coastal Brazil. It has been listed as a threatened species because of its restricted geographic range, habitat loss and fragmentation, and declining populations. The major objectives of this study were to estimate its potential geographic(More)
The aims of this study were to characterize the macrofauna associated with the articulated calcareous algae occurring on a hydrodynamic gradient off the Vitória metropolitan area, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, and to describe its temporal distribution. Physicochemical variables were measured in situ, and samples of sediment, water and phytal were taken from(More)
Two highly productive emergent macrophytes, Zizaniopsis bonariensis and Typha subulata were established in experimental subsurface flow, sand-based wetlands receiving anaerobically treated municipal wastewater. The hydraulic loading rate was tested in two levels, sequentially, 6.8 cm x d(-1) and 13.6 cm x d(-1), for 70 days each. In the 13.6 cm x(More)
The construction of dams usually changes the composition of the fauna within their areas of influence. In the area where the Rosal hydroelectric power station has been installed, in the States of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro, changes to the abundance of anophelinae, planorbidae and phlebotominae were evaluated before (1998-2000) and after (2000-2005)(More)
Knowledge of the fauna composition of anopheline mosquitoes, their ecological aspects and behavior, and influence of climatic variables on their population dynamics can help in understanding the transmission of Plasmodium parasites and thus develop more efficient strategies for the control of malaria. In the Central Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Corridor,(More)
Panstrongylus geniculatus is one of the most widely distributed species of Triatominae in South and Central America, occurring in several biomes with different climatic characteristics. We present the results of captures of P. geniculatus provided from a 10-year program of entomological surveillance in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. We also present an(More)
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by sand flies. The state of Espírito Santo (ES), an endemic area in southeast Brazil, has shown a considerably high prevalence in recent decades. Environmental niche modelling (ENM) is a useful tool for predicting potential disease risk. In this study, ENM was(More)