Gustavo L Vera Janavel

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Exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) improves tissue perfusion in large animals and humans with chronic myocardial ischemia. Because tissue perfusion is mainly dependent on the arteriolar tree, we hypothesized that the neovascularizing effect of VEGF should include arteriogenesis, an effect not as yet described in large mammalian models of(More)
We have recently reported that in pigs with chronic myocardial ischemia heart transfection with a plasmid encoding the 165 isoform of human vascular endothelial growth factor (pVEGF165) induces an increase in the mitotic index of adult cardiomyocytes and cardiomyocyte hyperplasia. On these bases we hypothesized that VEGF gene transfer could also modify the(More)
The multidrug-resistant (MDR)-1 gene-encoded P-glycoprotein (Pgp-170) is not normally present in the cardiomyocyte. Given that in other tissues Pgp-170 is not found under normoxic conditions but is expressed during hypoxia, we searched for Pgp-170 in chronically ischemic porcine cardiomyocytes. Pgp-170 was detected and localized via immunohistochemistry in(More)
BACKGROUND For over 40 years it has been proposed that cardiomyocyte hyperplasia may occur in hypertrophic human hearts. While this implies that heart myocytes can undergo cytokinesis, evidence of conventional cell division has been exceptionally reported. Recently, we found that gene transfer of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) displays a(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene transfer-mediated angiogenesis has been proposed for peripheral artery disease. However, protocols using single administration have shown little benefit. Given that the transient nature of VEGF gene expression provokes instability of neovasculature, we hypothesized that repeated administration would provide(More)
We have recently reported that in chronic myocardial ischemia, adult mammalian cardiomyocytes express P-glycoprotein (P-gp). We now investigate if P-gp is also expressed in acute regional ischemia followed by reperfusion. Adult conscious sheep underwent 12-min occlusion of the mid-left anterior descending artery (inflatable cuff). Successful(More)
High-dose erythropoietin has been claimed to be cardioprotective in experimental acute myocardial infarction. In large mammals, however, results are controversial and long-term follow-up data are lacking. We thus assessed the long-term effects of high-dose erythropoietin on left ventricular infarct size and function in an ovine model of reperfused(More)
Ovine models of ischemic heart disease and cardiac failure are increasingly used in translational research. However, reliable extrapolation of the results to the clinical setting requires knowing if ovine normal left ventricular (LV) function is comparable to that of humans. We thus assessed for echocardiographic LV dimensions and indexes in a large normal(More)
BACKGROUND In large mammalian models of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), plasmid-mediated vascular endothelial growth factor (pVEGF) gene transfer has been shown to induce angio-arteriogenesis, proliferation of myocyte precursors and adult cardiomyocyte mitosis, reducing infarct size at 15 days after coronary artery occlusion. However, it is unknown(More)
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