Gustavo J. S. Pereira

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Autophagy is a mechanism of protection against various forms of human diseases, such as cancer, in which autophagy seems to have an extremely complex role. In cancer, there is evidence that autophagy may be oncogenic in some contexts, whereas in others it clearly contributes to tumor suppression. In addition, studies have demonstrated the existence of a(More)
The mechanisms that regulate programmed cell death, such as apoptosis, and the cellular "self-eating" phenomenon of autophagy, share many regulatory systems and common pathways. These mechanisms have been extensively investigated over the last few years. Some intracellular structures may determine and control the autophagic fate of the cell such as the(More)
Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent Ca(2+)-mobilizing messenger that in many cells releases Ca(2+) from the endolysosomal system. Recent studies have shown that NAADP-induced Ca(2+) mobilization is mediated by the two-pore channels (TPCs). Whether NAADP acts as a messenger in astrocytes is unclear, and downstream functional(More)
Although the accumulation of the neurotoxic peptide β-amyloid (Aβ) in the central nervous system is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, whether Aβ acts in astrocytes is unclear, and downstream functional consequences have yet to be defined. Here, we show that cytosolic Ca(2+) dysregulation, induced by a neurotoxic fragment (Aβ25-35), caused apoptosis in a(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by severe striatal atrophy with extensive neuronal loss and gliosis. Although the molecular mechanism is not well understood, experimental studies use the irreversible mitochondrial inhibitor 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) to mimic the neuropathological features of HD. In(More)
AIMS Mitochondria are important modulators of Ca2+ homeostasis. However, it is not clear if they modulate and participate in smooth muscle signaling and contraction. The aim of the present work was to investigate the role of mitochondria in Ca2+ transients and contraction induced by metabotropic muscarinic receptor activation in rat gastric smooth muscle.(More)
Bothropoides insularis (jararaca-ilhoa) is a native endemic snake limited to the specific region of Queimada Island, on São Paulo coast. Several local and systemic effects have been described due to envenomation caused by it, such as edema, tissue necrosis, hemorrhage and acute renal failure. Our previous studies have shown that Bothropoides insularis venom(More)
As the molecular mechanisms of Cytarabine, one of the most important drugs used in the leukaemia’s treatment, are only partially understood and the role of autophagy on leukaemia development and treatment is only recently being investigated, in this study, by using Chloroquine (CQ) and 3-methyladenine (3MA) as autophagy inhibitors, we aim to evaluate the(More)
NAADP (nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate) has been proposed as a second messenger for glutamate in neuronal and glial cells via the activation of the lysosomal Ca2+ channels TPC1 and TPC2. However, the activities of glutamate that are mediated by NAADP remain unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effect of glutamate on autophagy in astrocytes(More)
Melanoma is one of leading cause of tumor death worldwide. Anti-cancer strategy includes combination of different chemo-therapeutic agents as well as radiation; however these treatments have limited efficacy and induce significant toxic effects on healthy cells. One of most promising novel therapeutic approach to cancer therapy is the combination of(More)