Gustavo Benaim

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There is no effective treatment for the prevalent chronic form of Chagas' disease in Latin America. Its causative agent, the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, has an essential requirement for ergosterol, and ergosterol biosynthesis inhibitors, such as the antifungal drug posaconazole, have potent trypanocidal activity. The antiarrhythmic compound(More)
We have previously demonstrated that rat type-1 cerebellar astrocytes express a very active Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger which accounts for most of the total plasma membrane Ca(2+) fluxes and for the clearance of Ca (i) (2+) induced by physiological agonist. In this chapter, we have explored the(More)
The intracellular Ca2+ concentration in different trypanosomatids is about 50 nanomolar, which concentration in different trypanosomatids is about 50 nanomolar, which is 4 orders of magnitude lower than in the extracellular milieu. This fact implies the existence of well developed mechanisms for the maintenance of such a high calcium gradient. In higher(More)
PURPOSE Present therapeutic approaches to control bladder pain are clinically and scientifically unsatisfactory, and pain in the lower urinary tract remains a challenge even to the skilled urologist. A randomized placebo controlled study was done to evaluate intravesical capsaicin for severe bladder pain. Followup was 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
The effect of ceramide on the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) varies depending on the cell type. We have found that in Jurkat human T cells ceramide increases the [Ca2+]i from a thapsigargin-sensitive calcium pool and the subsequent activation of a capacitative Ca2+ entry. This effect occurs both in the presence and in the absence of extracellular(More)
Sphingolipids comprise a very important class of second messengers involved in cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis, among other different functions. Recently, these lipids have been implicated in calcium mobilization in different cell lines, including Jurkat T-lymphocytes. However, the effect of each particular sphingolipid appears to be cell-line(More)
A subcellular fraction highly enriched in plasma membrane vesicles was prepared from Leishmania promastigotes. This fraction showed (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase activity. This, however, represented a small fraction (about 25%) of the overall ATPase activity. The Ca2(+)-ATPase showed general characteristics common to plasma membrane ATPases involved in Ca2+(More)
Leishmaniasis represents a serious public health problem worldwide. The first line of treatment is based on glucantime and pentostan, which generate toxic effects in treated patients. We have recently shown that amiodarone, frequently used as an antiarrhythmic, possesses activity against Trypanosoma cruzi through the disruption of mitochondrial Ca(2+)(More)
Despite previous reports [McLaughlin (1985) Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 15, 189-201; Ghosh, Ray, Sarkar and Bhaduri (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 11345-11351; Mazumder, Mukherjee, Ghosh, Ray and Bhaduri (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 18440-18446] suggesting that the plasma-membrane Ca(2+)-ATPases of different trypanosomatids differ from the Ca2+ pumps present in(More)
High-affinity Ca(2+)-activated ATPases that do not show any demonstrable dependence on Mg2+ have been reported in the plasma membranes of different trypanosomatids, and it has been suggested [McLaughlin (1985) Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 15, 189-201; Ghosh, Ray, Sarkar & Bhaduri (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 11345-11351] that these enzymes may have a role in Ca2+(More)