Gustavo Ballejo

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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) accounts for most of the NADPH-diaphorase neuronal activity in the brain. NADPH-diaphorase-positive neurones have been localized at the dorso-lateral part of the periaqueductal grey (PAG), a region related to anxiety. Microinjections of the NOS inhibitors L-NAME (10-200 nmol 0.5 microliter-1) and L-NOARG (10-100 nmol) at this(More)
Our previous experiments suggested that natriuresis induced by blood volume expansion, was brought about by oxytocin (OT)-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release from the right atrium. We hypothesized that the ANP released might exert effects on the atrium itself and therefore carried out in vitro experiments to test this hypothesis. Heart rate(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the participation of nitrergic neurotransmission in the initiation of micturition hyperreflexia associated to cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced cystitis in rats. Micturition threshold volume was significantly reduced 4 h after CP administration (100 mg/kg, i.p.); this reduction was attenuated by intra-arterially injected(More)
In dogs under light thiopentobarbital anesthesia, intracarotid injection of bradykinin (BK) causes a dose-dependent "pain response" represented by hyperpnea, bradycardia, vocalization and ipsilateral contraction of the sternocephalic muscle. These events result from the activation of primary afferent nerves located in the wall of the carotid vessels(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the concentration of nitrate/nitrite in the cerebrospinal fluid and in the dorsal horn interstice of the L6-S1 spinal cord boundary in rats with or without cystitis induced by cyclophosphamide. METHODS All experiments were conducted using Wistar female rats. A microdialysis probe was implanted in the subarachnoid space or in the(More)
1. The effects of guanidine on the isolated mouse phrenic nerve diaphragm (MPND) and chick biventer cervicis (CBC) neuromuscular preparations were determined by myographic and electrophysiological methods. 2. Guanidine at concentrations of 5-10 mM induced an initial facilitation followed by neuromuscular blockade in both preparations. In the isolated MPND(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and to characterize the relaxing effect of an extract of the bark of Combretum leprosum on isolated arterial rings from different animals. METHODS Rings (3 to 4mm) from rabbit, rat, or porcine arteries rings were suspended in an organ bath (Krebs, 37°C, 95%O2/5%CO2) to record isometric contractions. After the stabilization period (2(More)
1. The mechanisms underlying the postjunctional blockade induced by phenthonium [N-(4-phenyl) phenacyl 1-hyoscyamine] were investigated in mammalian and amphibian muscles. This muscarinic antagonist was previously shown to enhance specifically the spontaneous acetylcholine (ACh) release at concentrations that blocked neuromuscular transmission. 2. In both(More)
The potential role of nitrergic nerves in the regulation of the South American (SA) opossum ileocolonic junction (ICJ) function was investigated. In vitro, the effects of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors and NO inactivators on the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) nerve-mediated relaxations of the circular muscle of the SA opossum ICJ were(More)
1. The effects of lithium (Li+) on the concentration-response curves (CRC) to norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (Ach) on the bisected rat vas deferens (RVD) were investigated, as well as its action on the neuronal uptake of [3H] NE. 2. Li+ did not affect the 50% effective concentration (EC50) of NE and Ach in the epididymal (EP) portion of the RVD. 3.(More)