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Neutrophils are recruited from the blood to sites of sterile inflammation, where they contribute to wound healing but may also cause tissue damage. By using spinning disk confocal intravital microscopy, we examined the kinetics and molecular mechanisms of neutrophil recruitment to sites of focal hepatic necrosis in vivo. Adenosine triphosphate released from(More)
Dental pulp reactivity to various pro-inflammatory stimuli was independently evaluated in rats in terms of a vascular permeability increase and leukocyte recruitment. Substance P, calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) and prostaglandin E(2) (in the picomol range) were applied to the exposed pulp from anesthetised animals and the plasma extravasation(More)
Intestinal damage and severe diarrhea are serious side effects of cancer chemotherapy and constrain the usage of most such therapies. Here we show that interleukin-33 (IL-33) mediates the severe intestinal mucositis in mice treated with irinotecan (CPT-11), a commonly used cancer chemotherapeutic agent. Systemic CPT-11 administration led to severe mucosal(More)
Succinate is an intermediate of the citric acid cycle as well as an extracellular circulating molecule, whose receptor, G protein-coupled receptor-91 (GPR91), was recently identified and characterized in several tissues, including heart. Because some pathological conditions such as ischemia increase succinate blood levels, we investigated the role of this(More)
OBJECTIVE Emerging evidence suggests that neuronal guidance cues, typically expressed during development, are involved in both physiological and pathological immune responses. We hypothesized that endothelial expression of such guidance cues may regulate leukocyte trafficking into the vascular wall during atherogenesis. APPROACH AND RESULTS We demonstrate(More)
To investigate the consequences of food allergy in adipose tissue and metabolism, we used a murine model in which mice have been sensitized subcutaneously with ovalbumin and further received antigen-containing diet. Allergic mice presented a significant weight loss 7 days after oral challenge with a concomitant decrease in epididymal adipose tissue mass.(More)
The dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) and lateral/dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (PAG) are anatomically and functionally connected. Both the DMH and PAG depend on glutamatergic inputs for activation. We recently reported that removal of GABA-ergic tone in the unilateral DMH produces: asymmetry, that is, a right- (R-) sided predominance in cardiac(More)
Pretreatment using celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 inhibitor, or indomethacin, a nonselective COX inhibitor, reduced lypopolyssaccharide (LPS)-induced leukocyte migration to the rat peritoneal cavity. The effect of celecoxib (12 mg/kg) or indomethacin (2 mg/kg) on neutrophil chemotaxis induced by formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) in an in(More)
UNLABELLED Acetaminophen (APAP) is a safe analgesic and antipyretic drug. However, APAP overdose leads to massive hepatocyte death. Cell death during APAP toxicity occurs by oncotic necrosis, in which the release of intracellular contents can elicit a reactive inflammatory response. We have previously demonstrated that an intravascular gradient of(More)
UNLABELLED Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is an important cause of acute liver failure, with limited therapeutic options. During DILI, oncotic necrosis with concomitant release and recognition of intracellular content amplifies liver inflammation and injury. Among these molecules, self-DNA has been widely shown to trigger inflammatory and autoimmune(More)