Gustavo B. F. Oliveira

Learn More
IMPORTANCE Little is known about adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among individuals with a coronary heart disease (CHD) or stroke event in communities across a range of countries worldwide. OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of avoidance or cessation of smoking, eating a healthy diet, and undertaking regular physical activities by individuals with(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the rising burden of chronic respiratory diseases, global data for lung function are not available. We investigated global variation in lung function in healthy populations by region to establish whether regional factors contribute to lung function. METHODS In an international, community-based prospective study, we enrolled individuals(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombocytopenia and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) are potentially devastating paradoxical side effects of heparin therapy. We explored the evaluation, management, and clinical consequences of thrombocytopenia occurring during heparin therapy in diverse clinical settings. METHODS CATCH was a prospective observational study that(More)
AIMS In acute myocardial infarction (AMI), baseline hyperglycaemia predicts adverse outcomes, but the relation between subsequent change in glucose levels and outcomes is unclear. We evaluated the prognostic significance of baseline glucose and the change in glucose in the first 24 h following AMI. METHODS AND RESULTS We analysed 1469 AMI patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Information on actual sodium intake and its relationships with blood pressure (BP) and clinical events in South America is limited. The aim of this cohort study was to assess the relationship of sodium intake with BP, cardiovascular (CV) events, and mortality in South America. METHODS We studied 17,033 individuals, aged 35-70 years, from 4(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the availability of evidence-based therapies, there is no information on the use of medications for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in urban and rural community settings in South America. OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the use, and its predictors, of effective secondary prevention therapies in individuals with(More)
Current knowledge and research perspectives on the top ranking causes of mortality worldwide, i.e., ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases have developed rapidly. In fact, until recently, the evidence describing the incidence of acute myocardial infarction, the underlying risk factors, and the clinical outcomes of those who have this acute(More)
In a population of patients experiencing thrombocytopenia while treated with heparin, bleeding and thromboses are well-appreciated complications, but their relative contributions to mortality have been less well described. In this population, the aims of this study were (1) to identify the independent predictors of bleeding and (2) to compare the incidence(More)
Population assessment of effective blood pressure (BP) control is fundamental for reducing the global burden of hypertension, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of BP control and determined independent predictors associated with effective control among patients with hypertension on drug treatment in a(More)