Gustavo Adolfo Argañaraz

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PURPOSE As reported by several authors, angiotensin II (AngII) is a proinflammatory molecule that stimulates the release of inflammatory cytokines and activates nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB), being also associated with the increase of cellular oxidative stress. Its production depends on the activity of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) that(More)
Molecular biology tools have been employed to investigate the participation of peptides in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Active polypeptides and their receptors have been related to several brain processes, such as inflammation, apoptosis, brain development, K(+) and Ca(2+) channels' activation, cellular growth, and induction of neuronal(More)
Proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycans are elements of matrix. In the nervous system, glycosaminoglycans modulate neurite outgrowth and are co-receptors for growth factors playing a crucial role in cell differentiation and synaptogenesis. The receptor of protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPbeta) is a chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan which plays an(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of survival-related molecules such Akt and integrin-linked kinase (ILK) to evaluate Akt pathway activation in epileptogenesis process. Furthermore, was also investigated the mRNA expression of neuropeptide Y, a considered antiepileptic neuropeptide, in the pilocarpine-induced epilepsy. Male Wistar rats(More)
Statins may act on inflammatory responses, decreasing oxidative stress and also reducing temperature after a brain ischemic insult. Previous data have indicated that statins protect neurons from death during long-lasting status epilepticus (SE) and attenuate seizure behaviors in animals treated with kainic acid. In this context, the study described here(More)
We investigated the effects of exposure to maternal convulsive seizures in utero on the behavior of offspring. An epilepsy model was induced in female rats by administration of pilocarpine. Seizure frequency was evaluated for 60 days. The rats were then allowed to mate, and seizure frequency during pregnancy was recorded and compared with prepregnancy(More)
Kinins, a special class of polypeptides, are represented by bradykinin (BK), kallidin (Lys-BK), as well as their metabolites. The biological actions of these polypeptides binding on their receptors (B1 and B2) have been related to inflammation process, cytokines action, glutamate release and prostaglandins production. Usually, kinin B1 receptor is not(More)
Kinins may play a relevant role in epilepsy. In the present study, we evaluated the hippocampal expression of the remaining kinin receptor in B1 (B1KO) and B2 (B2KO) knockout mice strains during the development of pilocarpine epilepsy model. After pilocarpine injection, animals had their behavior parameters monitored to determine different phases of(More)
Kallikrein 1 (hK1) is a tissue enzyme responsible for kinin release in inflammatory cascade. This study was delineated to study the distribution and the co-localization of hK1 and kinin B1 and B2 receptors with glial and/or neuronal proteins markers, in the hippocampus of patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, associated with hippocampal sclerosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Refractory status epilepticus is one of the most life-threatening neurological emergencies and is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. Additionally, the use of anti-inflammatory drugs during this period is very controversial. Thus, this study has been designed to analyze the effect of a low dose of indomethacin (a COX inhibitor) on the(More)