Guruprasad Kalthur

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Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound isolated from Curcuma longa (Turmeric) is widely used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Its potential therapeutic effects on a variety of diseases have long been known. Though anti-tumour effects of curcumin have been reported earlier, its mode of action and telomerase inhibitory effects are not clearly determined in brain(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether sperm with abnormal head morphology are more likely to undergo DNA damage and/or chromatin modification during the process of freeze-thawing. DESIGN In this prospective study, the semen samples from forty-four men attending the infertility clinic were included. Samples were divided into aliquots to allow direct comparison of(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the fertilizing ability and DNA damage response of preimplantation stage embryos derived from the γ-irradiated mouse sperm carrying varying amounts of DNA strand-breaks. MATERIAL AND METHODS The DNA damage in the sperm was induced by exposing the testicular area to different doses of γ-radiation. After mating with healthy female mice,(More)
With increasing evidence for faulty paternal contribution to reproduction, there has been a steady increase in studies highlighting an association between sperm DNA damage, failed/delayed fertilisation and aberrant embryo development. Owing to prevailing ambiguity, the aims of the study were to analyse the genetic integrity of the male gamete and then to(More)
This study evaluated the effect of vitamin E supplementation to cryoprotective media on post-thaw motility and DNA integrity of normozoospermic and asthenozoospermic semen samples. The results of this study indicate that supplementation of vitamin E (5 mM) significantly improves the post-thaw motility and DNA integrity in normozoospermic and(More)
There is a paucity of data regarding the association between occupational radiation exposure and risk to human fertility. Recently, we provided the first evidence on altered sperm functional characteristics, DNA damage and hypermethylation in radiation health workers. However, there is no report elucidating the association between seminal plasma(More)
Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has been reported to exhibit multiple effects, such as inducing cell cycle arrest, triggering apoptosis, inhibiting the activation of NF(K) B and inactivating several signaling cascades in human cancer cells. In vivo studies demonstrating antiangiogenesis and antimetastatic effects of genistein have also been reported. Here, we(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the influence of sperm DNA integrity on the zona binding ability of mouse spermatozoa in relation to their sex chromosomal constitution. METHOD(S) In this prospective experimental study, the sperm DNA fragmentation was induced by exposing testicular area of Swiss Albino mice (Mus musculus) to different doses of γ-radiation (0, 2.5,(More)
PURPOSE To study the effect of addition of zinc to human semen sample prior to cryopreservation on post-thaw sperm quality and function. METHODS Semen samples were collected from men attending university infertility clinic for semen analysis (n=109). Liquefied semen samples were cryopreserved in glycerol-egg yolk- citrate medium with or without the prior(More)
Natural plant products may possess much potential in palliative therapy and supportive strategies of current cancer treatments with lesser cytotoxicity to normal cells compared to conventional chemotherapy. In the current study, anti-cancer properties of plumbagin, a plant-derived naphthoquinone, on brain cancer cells were determined. Plumbagin treatment(More)