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BACKGROUND Estimates of an 80-90% risk of breast cancer for carriers of germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are based on studies of families at high risk of breast cancer. Risk estimates for a population are possible if the mutation status of a representative sample of that population can be assessed. In Iceland, one common founder BRCA2(More)
Germ-line changes in the cancer-predisposition gene BRCA2 are found in a small proportion of breast cancers. Mutations in the BRCA2 gene have been studied mainly in families with high risk of breast cancer in females, and male breast cancer also has been associated with BRCA2 mutations. The importance of germ-line BRCA2 mutations in individuals without a(More)
BACKGROUND The Icelandic breast cancer screening program, initiated November 1987 in Reykjavik and covering the whole country from December 1989, comprises biennial invitation to mammography for women aged 40-69 years old. PURPOSE To estimate the impact of mammography service screening in Iceland on deaths from breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the risk of malignant diseases in families of probands with the same mutation in the BRCA2 gene. DESIGN A cohort study using record linkage of a breast cancer family resource and the Icelandic Cancer Registry. SETTING Iceland. SUBJECTS Families of 995 breast cancer patients, from which 887 were tested for a single founder 999del5(More)
The BRCA2 gene on chromosome 13 has been shown to be associated with familial male and female breast cancer. Here we describe a study on BRCA2 in 21 Icelandic families, including 9 with male breast cancer. We have previously reported linkage to the BRCA2 region in an Icelandic male breast cancer family and subsequently found a strong indication of linkage(More)
PURPOSE To assess the risk of death in patients who survive more than 5 years after diagnosis of childhood cancer and to evaluate causes of death in fatal cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a population-based study in the five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) using data of the nationwide cancer registries and the(More)
Replication errors (RER) at microsatellite repeats indicate genomic instability in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and in some sporadic cancers. We have studied genomic instability in 313 sporadic breast tumors and in 106 tumors from BRCA2, 999del5 carriers at 43 genomic loci on 13 chromosomes. RER was observed in 8/419 (1.9%) of the cases(More)
Breast cancer is rare in men, and family history of the disease is a risk factor. The recently discovered BRCA2 gene on chromosome 13q is thought to account for some families with increased risk of breast cancer, including male breast cancer. We describe a family with multiple cases of male breast cancer but, interestingly, no increase in female breast(More)
BACKGROUND In some rare inherited disorders such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, relatives of children with cancer are at increased risk of cancer. We aimed to assess relations between childhood cancer and sibling risk, and evaluate the influence of recessive conditions in cancer causation. METHODS We did a population-based cohort study in the Nordic countries(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk of prostate, ovarian, and endometrial cancer among relatives of patients with breast cancer. DESIGN Cohort study of 947 pedigrees in which the proband had breast cancer, linked with the Icelandic cancer registry. SETTING Iceland. SUBJECTS The 947 pedigrees included 29,725 people, of whom 1539 had breast cancer, 467(More)