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Nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB), a redox-sensitive transcription factor regulating a battery of inflammatory genes, has been indicated to play a role in the development of numerous pathological states. Activation of NFkappaB induces gene programs leading to transcription of factors that promote inflammation, such as leukocyte adhesion molecules,(More)
Histamine is synthetized in the heart, and released by ischemia-reperfusion injury in several species. Histamine has arrhythmogenic, chronotropic, inotropic and vasoactive effects. Cardiac histamine release during ischemia-reperfusion may be mediated by toxic oxygen metabolites. We studied the effect of ischemia-reperfusion and toxic oxygen metabolites on(More)
OBJECTIVES Remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in inflammatory disorders such as atherosclerosis. ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) is a recently described family of proteinases that is able to degrade the ECM proteins aggrecan and versican expressed in blood vessels. The purpose of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Adaptation to ischemia by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion (preconditioning) of the heart protects the heart against sustained ischemia, where the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB) appears crucial for the protection. Preconditioning of the heart may even be evoked by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion in(More)
Preconditioning is in experimental studies the most powerful mode of cardioprotection known. The signal transduction pathways involve a variety of trigger substances, mediators, receptors, and effectors. The studies of preconditioning in cardiac surgery provide conflicting results but the majority of studies show that ischemic preconditiong is an effective(More)
Myocardial adaptation to ischemia in the form of ischemic preconditioning is clinically attractive, but not directly usable until molecular mimics are discovered. A growing body of evidence indicates that events underlying myocardial adaptation to ischemia may either involve, or be parallel to, signaling of the innate immune response. Preconditioning-like(More)
Hyperoxic exposure in vivo (> 95% oxygen) attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury, but the signaling mechanisms of this cardioprotection are not fully determined. We studied a possible role of nitric oxide (NO) and mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) in hyperoxic protection. Mice (n = 7–9 in each group) were kept in normoxic or hyperoxic environments(More)
Liver X receptor (LXR)-α and -β play a major role in lipid and glucose homeostasis. Their expression and function in the heart is not well characterized. Our aim was to describe the expression of LXRs in the murine heart, and to determine effects of cardiac LXR activation on target gene expression, lipid homeostasis and ischemia. Both LXRα and -β were(More)
OBJECTIVE Unstable angina may improve the clinical outcome of acute myocardial infarction, but increases the morbidity and mortality of open heart surgery. We hypothetized that unstable angina influences the myocardium, and investigated the expression of the inducible heat shock protein 72 (HSP72), constitutive HSP73, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase(More)
Activation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a heme-degrading enzyme responsive to a wide range of cellular stress, is traditionally considered to convey adaptive responses to oxidative stress, inflammation and vasoconstriction. These diversified effects are achieved through the degradation of heme to carbon monoxide (CO), biliverdin (which is rapidly converted(More)