Learn More
Nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB), a redox-sensitive transcription factor regulating a battery of inflammatory genes, has been indicated to play a role in the development of numerous pathological states. Activation of NFkappaB induces gene programs leading to transcription of factors that promote inflammation, such as leukocyte adhesion molecules,(More)
OBJECTIVES Remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in inflammatory disorders such as atherosclerosis. ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) is a recently described family of proteinases that is able to degrade the ECM proteins aggrecan and versican expressed in blood vessels. The purpose of the(More)
Histamine is synthetized in the heart, and released by ischemia-reperfusion injury in several species. Histamine has arrhythmogenic, chronotropic, inotropic and vasoactive effects. Cardiac histamine release during ischemia-reperfusion may be mediated by toxic oxygen metabolites. We studied the effect of ischemia-reperfusion and toxic oxygen metabolites on(More)
OBJECTIVE Adaptation to ischemia by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion (preconditioning) of the heart protects the heart against sustained ischemia, where the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-B (NFkappaB) appears crucial for the protection. Preconditioning of the heart may even be evoked by brief episodes of ischemia and reperfusion in(More)
AIMS Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-Like Receptor with a Pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) is considered necessary for initiating a profound sterile inflammatory response. NLRP3 forms multi-protein complexes with Apoptosis-associated Speck-like protein containing a Caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and Caspase-1, which activate pro-interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and(More)
A wide variety of cardiac disease states can induce remodelling and lead to the functional consequence of heart failure. These complex disease states involve a plethora of parallel signal transduction events, which may be associated with tissue injury or tissue repair. Innate immunity is activated in hearts injured in different ways, evident as cytokine(More)
Myocardial adaptation to ischemia in the form of ischemic preconditioning is clinically attractive, but not directly usable until molecular mimics are discovered. A growing body of evidence indicates that events underlying myocardial adaptation to ischemia may either involve, or be parallel to, signaling of the innate immune response. Preconditioning-like(More)
Liver X receptor (LXR)-α and -β play a major role in lipid and glucose homeostasis. Their expression and function in the heart is not well characterized. Our aim was to describe the expression of LXRs in the murine heart, and to determine effects of cardiac LXR activation on target gene expression, lipid homeostasis and ischemia. Both LXRα and -β were(More)
AIMS Adenosine is involved in classic pre-conditioning (PC) in most species, acting through especially adenosine A1 and A3 receptors. We studied whether the adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) was important for remote, delayed adaptation to ischaemia using a mouse with targeted deletion of the A1R gene. METHODS Remote, delayed adaptation was evoked by brain(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary atherosclerosis has profound effects on vascular and myocardial biology, and it has been speculated that the atherosclerotic heart does not benefit from ischemic preconditioning. METHODS To investigate if atherosclerosis would influence the preconditioning response, Apolipoprotein E/low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor double(More)