Guro Valen

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BACKGROUND Cardioplegia and reperfusion may induce an inflammatory reaction, which may contribute to postoperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS Gene expression of cytokines, adhesion molecules, and vasoactive substances was evaluated in left ventricular biopsies taken before cardioplegia (lasting approximately 70 minutes) and after reperfusion(More)
BACKGROUND All-trans retinoic acid (atRA), an active derivative of vitamin A, regulates cell differentiation, proliferation and cardiac morphogenesis via transcriptional activation of retinoic acid receptors (RARs) acting on retinoic acid response elements (RARE). We hypothesized that the retinoic acid (RA) signalling pathway is activated in myocardial(More)
A wide variety of cardiac disease states can induce remodelling and lead to the functional consequence of heart failure. These complex disease states involve a plethora of parallel signal transduction events, which may be associated with tissue injury or tissue repair. Innate immunity is activated in hearts injured in different ways, evident as cytokine(More)
BACKGROUND All-trans retinoic acid (atRA) plays an essential role in the regulation of gene expression, cell growth and differentiation and is also important for normal cardiovascular development but may in turn be involved in cardiovascular diseases, i.e. atherosclerosis and restenosis. The cellular atRA levels are under strict control involving several(More)
The roles of immune cells and their soluble products during myocardial infarction (MI) are not completely understood. Here, we observed that the percentages of IL-17, but not IL-22, producing cells are reduced in mice splenocytes after developing MI. To correlate this finding with the functional activity of IL-17, we sought to determine its effect on(More)
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