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This article describes a combined electrophysiological and mechanical method used to measure laryngeal movements and related submental EMG activity during swallowing. The mechanical upward and downward movements of the larynx were detected using a piezoelectric sensor while the submental integrated EMG (SM-EMG) was recorded. Measurements were performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Swallowing mechanisms and neurogenic dysphagia have not been systematically studied by the EMG technique. It is desirable to evaluate neurogenic dysphagia for diagnostic and possibly for therapeutic purposes using electrophysiological methods. METHODS The following methods were described: mechanical upward/downward movements of the larynx were(More)
The enzyme chitotriosidase (ChT) is secreted by activated macrophages and play active role in human immune response. ChT activity is increased in atherosclerosis in association to the extent of the disease. We investigated the relevance of ChT to endothelial functions and insulin resistance in patients with T2DM. Forty newly diagnosed and untreated patients(More)
In this clinical trial, we examined the efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) treatment in 38 patients with reducing displaced disc of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Subjects received two unilateral upper space injections of HA or physiological saline solution with 1 week apart. Efficacy was based on the following measurements: pain and sound(More)
OBJECTIVE Different variables of oropharyngeal swallowing change in response to bolus volume and consistency as determined by manometric/videofluoroscopic studies. But the subject is debatable especially from the physiologic point of view. No electrophysiologic studies are available on human subjects. METHODS The effects of bolus volume and viscosity on(More)
Both apelin and asymetric dymethyl arginine (ADMA) regulate blood pressures. Low apelin and high ADMA levels have been reported in several cardiometabolic disorders. However, there is no data about ADMA and apelin levels in essential hypertension and any relationship between them. We investigated a group of newly diagnosed and untreated 30 young(More)
OBJECTIVES Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a clinicopathological entity which is characterized by the presence of fat droplets in hepatocytes without alcohol consumption, representing a spectrum of hepatic injuries, ranging from simple steatosis (SS) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, and cirrhosis. In recent years, experimental(More)
In the past 15 yrs, a number of investigators have applied spectral analysis to respiratory sounds recorded from the chest wall or the trachea in order to objectively characterize them and to relate them with different pulmonary diseases. In the present study, we have applied multivariate linear discriminant analysis to the spectral features of respiratory(More)