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BACKGROUND Progress in the diagnosis and prediction of fragility fractures depends on improvements to the understating of the compositional contributors of bone quality to mechanical competence. Raman spectroscopy has been used to evaluate alterations to bone composition associated with aging, disease, or injury. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES In this survey we will(More)
Raman spectroscopy is increasingly commonly used to understand how changes in bone composition and structure influence tissue-level bone mechanical properties. The spectroscopic technique provides information on bone mineral and matrix collagen components and on the effects of various matrix proteins on bone material properties as well. The Raman spectrum(More)
Raman microspectroscopy is widely used for musculoskeletal tissues studies. But the fluorescence background obscures prominent Raman bands of mineral and matrix components of bone tissue. A 532-nm laser irradiation has been used efficiently to remove the fluorescence background from Raman spectra of cortical bone. Photochemical bleaching reduces over 80% of(More)
For many years, viscosity has been the primary method used by researchers in rheumatology to assess the physiochemical properties of synovial fluid in both normal and osteoarthritic patients. However, progress has been limited by the lack of methods that provide multiple layers of information, use small sample volumes, and are rapid. Raman spectroscopy was(More)
This review describes new technologies for the diagnosis and treatment, including fracture risk prediction, of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Four promising technologies and their potential for clinical translation and basic science studies are discussed. These include reference point indentation (RPI), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman(More)
A linear pixel-array detector was employed to create spatially resolved multi-layered IR-images of a large collection of polymer beads supporting carbonyl and nitrile monomers. The feasibility of creating multi-layered IR-images with nitrile IR-band separation of 4 cm(-1) was demonstrated, an important issue when considering that many monomers used to(More)
In solid-phase combinatorial chemistry, analyses are performed using a wide range of analytical techniques ranging from gel-phase nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to colorimetric tests to elemental analysis. However, these techniques cannot be used to interrogate functional group distribution at the single-bead level. This paper explores the feasibility of(More)
This project aims to reduce the time required to attain more detailed scans of small interesting regions present in a quick first-pass sample image. In particular, we concentrate on high fidelity imaging of small sample features via hyperspectral Raman imaging (e.g., small scale compositional variations in bone tissue). The current standard procedure for(More)
The processes that govern fracture repair rely on many mechanisms that recapitulate embryonic skeletal development. Hox genes are transcription factors that perform critical patterning functions in regional domains along the axial and limb skeleton during development. Much less is known about roles for these genes in the adult skeleton. We recently reported(More)
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