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INTRODUCTION Ulcerative colitis occurs worldwide. It is considered common in most of Europe and North America and uncommon in most of the developing Asian countries. The incidence/prevalence of ulcerative colitis varies not only according to geographical region but also with race and ethnicity. There are no reported data from India on the incidence of the(More)
BACKGROUND Azathioprine is useful as a steroid-sparing drug in patients with ulcerative colitis. Its role as monotherapy in the maintenance of disease remission has not been evaluated. METHODS In this prospective, randomized, open-label study, 25 patients with severe ulcerative colitis received either azathioprine (2.5 mg/Kg/day; Group A, n = 12) or(More)
The spectrum of acute renal failure is different in intensive care unit (ICU) vs. non-ICU population. This one year prospective study carried out in medical and surgical intensive care units showed an incidence of 8.6% of acute renal failure. The incidence of acute renal failure was highest in medical ICU (17.2%) followed by burns ICU (5.3%), pulmonary ICU(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac disease, as of today, is said to exist in almost all parts of the world, although it is rare among people of purely African-Caribbean, Japanese and Chinese background. The disease has also been considered uncommon in India until recently. Hospital records have revealed an increasing trend of the disease in predominantly wheat-eating areas(More)
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS A prospective evaluation of the correlation between the serial clinical findings, serum cholinesterase levels, electrodiagnostic abnormalities and the daily atropine requirement was undertaken in 29 patients with confirmed acute organophosphate poisoning (OPP). RESULTS Clinical weakness conforming to the pattern found in(More)
BACKGROUND Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is an uncommon disorder of evacuation. Management of bleeding ulcers is usually unsatisfactory with conventional treatments. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) has been reported in case reports to control bleeding; however, it has not been shown to result in ulcer healing. OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy(More)
Rheumatic fever is a multi system disease which occurs following infection with group A beta hemolytic streptococcus. It is commonest in the age group of 5-15 years but can occur in adults also. First degree atrioventricular block is a common manifestation of acute rheumatic fever and is included in the Jones criteria but Wenckebacks phenomena and complete(More)
OBJECTIVES The neuromuscular transmission failure in acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning occurs because of the irreversible inactivation of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase located in the neuromuscular junction, and is distinguished neuroelectrophysiologically by single electrical stimulus-induced repetitive responses and either a decremental or a(More)
BACKGROUND Permanent dysphagia occurring after laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy can usually be treated by periodic dilation. Occasionally, however, conservative treatment is insufficient, and patients require long-term tube feeding. We describe 4 cases with stricture after laryngopharyngectomy who underwent insertion of self-expandable plastic stents(More)