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BACKGROUND Celiac disease, as of today, is said to exist in almost all parts of the world, although it is rare among people of purely African-Caribbean, Japanese and Chinese background. The disease has also been considered uncommon in India until recently. Hospital records have revealed an increasing trend of the disease in predominantly wheat-eating areas(More)
INTRODUCTION Ulcerative colitis occurs worldwide. It is considered common in most of Europe and North America and uncommon in most of the developing Asian countries. The incidence/prevalence of ulcerative colitis varies not only according to geographical region but also with race and ethnicity. There are no reported data from India on the incidence of the(More)
BACKGROUND Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) is an uncommon disorder of evacuation. Management of bleeding ulcers is usually unsatisfactory with conventional treatments. Argon plasma coagulation (APC) has been reported in case reports to control bleeding; however, it has not been shown to result in ulcer healing. OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy(More)
PURPOSE A focal cortical-subcortical calcification (FCSC) is a common finding on computed tomography (CT) in individuals with focal or generalized seizures in the Indian subcontinent. We sought to determine the relation of FCSCs to epilepsy by comparing the lobe of seizure origin by electroclinical and CT evaluations and to study the nature and severity of(More)
Estimation of copper, zinc, calcium and magnesium was done in plasma, erythrocytes and urine of twenty patients with chronic renal failure of diverse aetiologies. Twenty normal individuals formed the control group. Significant plasma hypozincaemia and hypozincuria was observed in uraemic patients, though the concentration of zinc in erythrocytes was(More)
OBJECTIVES The neuromuscular transmission failure in acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning occurs because of the irreversible inactivation of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase located in the neuromuscular junction, and is distinguished neuroelectrophysiologically by single electrical stimulus-induced repetitive responses and either a decremental or a(More)
Phrenic nerve conduction studies were performed within 48 h of admission and subsequently in 29 patients (14 of whom required mechanical ventilation) with acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning. The mean (+/-SD) amplitude of the diaphragmatic compound muscle action potential (CMAP) in patients requiring mechanical ventilation (119.09 +/- 173.85 microV) was(More)
AIMS To determine the etiologic role of neurocysticercosis (NC) in a hospital-based sample of epilepsies divided according to International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) epidemiological criteria and number of seizures prior to presentation. METHODS A sample comprising 1026 consecutive patients with either definite seizures or epilepsy attending a(More)
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS A prospective evaluation of the correlation between the serial clinical findings, serum cholinesterase levels, electrodiagnostic abnormalities and the daily atropine requirement was undertaken in 29 patients with confirmed acute organophosphate poisoning (OPP). RESULTS Clinical weakness conforming to the pattern found in(More)