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The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a major contributor to intracellular sodium homeostasis. In addition to epithelial cells, osteoblasts (Obs) express functional ENaCs. Moreover, a correlation between bone Na content and bone disease has been reported, suggesting that ENaC-mediated Na+ regulation may influence osteogenesis. Obs were(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of toll-like receptor 4 in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has been intensively studied, but its downstream signaling and the potential regulatory mechanisms remain unidentified. Our study focused on the role of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), the first downstream adaptor of toll-like receptor 4 inflammatory and(More)
The present study investigated the effects of dietary sodium on bone growth in young rats. Five-week-old rats were fed one of three different diets for 60 days: low sodium (NaCl, 0.32 g/kg diet), normal sodium (NaCl, 2.6 g/kg) and high sodium (NaCl, 20 g/kg). The proximal tibial metaphysis (PTM), the fifth lumbar vertebra (LV5) and the middle part of the(More)
Activation of osteoblasts in bone formation and osteoclasts in bone resorption is important during the bone fracture healing process. There has been a long interest in identifying and developing a natural therapy for bone fracture healing. In this study, we investigated the regulation of osteoclast differentiation by baicalin, which is a natural molecule(More)
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