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A new thresholding criterion is formulated for segmenting small objects by exploring the knowledge about intensity contrast. It is the weighted sum of within-class variance and intensity contrast between the object and background. Theoretical bounds of the weight are given for the uniformly distributed background and object, followed by the procedure to(More)
An algorithm to determine the human brain (gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM)) from computed tomography (CT) head volumes with large slice thickness is proposed based on thresholding and brain mask propagation. Firstly, a 2D reference image is chosen to represent the intensity characteristics of the original 3D data set. Secondly, the region of interest(More)
We introduce and validate the Fast Talairach Transformation (FTT). FTT is a rapid version of the Talairach transformation (TT) with the modified Talairach landmarks. Landmark identification is fully automatic and done in 3 steps: calculation of midsagittal plane, computing of anterior commissure (AC) and posterior commissure (PC) landmarks, and calculation(More)
As the human brain is the most complex living organ, constructing its detailed model with exploration capabilities in a form of an atlas is a challenge. Our overall goal is to construct an advanced, detailed, parcellated, labeled, accurate, interactive, three-dimensional (3D), and scalable whole human brain atlas of structure, vasculature, tracts and(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES A method for atlas-assisted analysis of stroke magnetic resonance images that is a part of a stroke computer-assisted diagnosis system supporting rapid and quantitative checking of thrombolysis conditions is presented. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two brain atlases are used for analysis: atlas of anatomy (AA) and atlas of blood supply(More)
The increasing complexity of human body models enabled by advances in diagnostic imaging, computing, and growing knowledge calls for the development of a new generation of systems for intelligent exploration of these models. Here, we introduce a novel paradigm for the exploration of digital body models illustrating cerebral vasculature. It enables dynamic(More)
We present a human brain atlas of white matter (WM) tracts containing 40 major tracts, which is three-dimensional (3D), segmented, labeled, interactive, stereotactic and correlated to structure and vasculature. We consider: 1) WM accuracy by correlating WM tracts to underlying neuroanatomy and quantifying them; 2) balance between realism and completeness by(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Although segmentation algorithms for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), white matter (WM), and gray matter (GM) on unenhanced computed tomographic (CT) images exist, there is no complete research in this area. To take into account poor image contrast and intensity variability on CT scans, the aim of this study was to derive and validate a(More)